Youth and COVID-19 | ILO Report | UPSC
COVID-19 may push half the world’s youth into anxiety, depression: ILO
WHY IN NEWS:
The findings of this survey were compiled in the : Impacts on jobs, education, rights and mental well-being report published by the ILO August 11, 2020.
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YOUTH AND COVID-19 : ILO REPORT
Youth & COVID-19: Impacts on jobs, education, rights and mental well-being
International Labour Organization.
- Even before the COVID-19 outbreak, young people faced a tough labour market.
- Younger youth aged 18–24 were more likely to stop working.
SOURCES : ILO
- Most of the job losses among youth resulted from businesses ceasing to operate or else youth being laid-off.
- Young workers in clerical support, services, sales, and crafts and related trades were more likely to have stopped working.
- Young workers employed in the private sector in support services and sales-related occupations appear the most vulnerable
EDUCATION AND TRAINING
- Three in five (61 per cent) young people (aged 18–29) were engaged in education and training, with 15 per cent combining education and work.
- The closure of schools, universities and training centres affected over 73 per cent of the youth surveyed who were in education or training.
- Nearly one in eight (13 per cent) of young people saw their education and training come to a complete stop, with no courses, teaching or tests set since the pandemic began.
- The outlook for career prospects is dominated by uncertainty and fear, as youth make a gloomy assessment of their ability to complete education and training
- The COVID-19 pandemic and its socio-economic impacts are expected to affect people’s mental health and well-being, a situation which needs addressing with urgency
- The mental well-being of young people whose education or work had been disrupted the most since the onset of the pandemic was greatly reduced.
- Average mental well-being was lower for young women.
- Mental well-being during the crisis is shown to be correlated to some extent with age, with younger groups experiencing poorer well-being outcomes.
- Aspirations play an important role in determining a successful transition into decent work.
- Youth who were married or had a partner experienced a greater significant impact on their right to freedom from violence than did single youth.
SOURCES : ILO
- Young people who had stopped working more often reported their right to housing being affected.
- Young people’s social activism and behaviours are contributing to mitigating the economic and social impacts of COVID-19, through compliance with government measures, volunteering, donations and outreach.
- While young people have been highly compliant with stay-at-home measures, they have still managed to stay connected to friends and family.