World Youth Skills Day 2021 | UPSC

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Text of PM’s address on World Youth Skills Day

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SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : 3 : United Nation Celebrations : Skill development

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WORLD YOUTH SKILLS DAY 2021

  • World Youth Skills Day events have provided a unique opportunity for dialogue between young people, technical and vocational education and training (TVET) institutions, firms, employers’ and workers’ organizations, policymakers and development partners.
  • World Youth Skills Day 2021 will take place in a challenging context, with the continuation of the COVID-19 pandemic resulting in the widespread disruption of the TVET sector.
  • While vaccination rollouts offer some hope, TVET still has a long road to recovery, especially in those countries which continue to be overwhelmed by the spread of the disease.

WHY WE NEED SKILL DEVELOPMENT ?

  • Youth skills development will face a range of unfamiliar problems emerging from a crisis where training has been disrupted in an unprecedented manner on a virtually universal scale.
  • Young people aged 15-24 are particularly exposed to the socio-economic consequences of the pandemic. School and workplace closures are leading to learning and training losses.

  • TVET has a key role to play in fostering the resilience of young people. It is crucial for all stakeholders to ensure the continuity of skills development and to introduce training programmes to bridge skills gaps.
  • Solutions need to be reimagined in a way that considers not only the realities of the present, but also the full range of possibilities for the future.

REIMAGINING YOUTH SKILLS POST-PANDEMIC

  • UNESCO estimates that schools were either fully or partially closed for more than 30 weeks between March 2020 and May 2021 in half the countries of the world.
  • In late June, 19 countries still had full school closures, affecting nearly 157 million learners. And 768 million more learners were affected by partial school closures.

ILO estimates show that globally, youth employment fell 8.7 per cent in 2020, compared with 3.7 per cent for adults, with the most pronounced fall seen in middle-income countries.

  • The consequences of this disruption to the early labour market experiences of youth could last for years.
  • World Youth Skills Day 2021 will pay tribute to the resilience and creativity of youth through the crisis.

World Youth Skills Day 2021 | UPSC

SIGNIFICANCE

  • In 2014, the United Nations General Assembly declared 15 July as World Youth Skills Day, to celebrate the strategic importance of equipping young people with skills for employment, decent work and entrepreneurship.
  • World Youth Skills Day events have provided a unique opportunity for dialogue between young people, technical and vocational education and training (TVET) institutions, firms, employers’ and workers’ organizations, policy makers and development partners.

ROLE OF TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

  • Education and training are central to the achievement of the 2030 Agenda.

Education 2030 devotes considerable attention to:

  • Technical and vocational skills development
  • Specifically regarding access to affordable quality Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET)
  • The acquisition of technical and vocational skills for employment
  • Decent work and entrepreneurship
  • The elimination of gender disparity and ensuring access for the vulnerable.

EMPOWERING YOUTH

  • TVET can equip youth with the skills required to access the world of work, including skills for self-employment.
  • TVET can also improve responsiveness to changing skill-demands by companies and communities, increase productivity and increase wage levels.

  • TVET can also offer skills development opportunities for low-skilled people who are under- or unemployed, out of school youth and individuals not in education, employment and training (NEETs).

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • In this context, TVET is expected to address the multiple demands of an economic, social and environmental nature by helping youth and adults develop the skills they need for employment, decent work and entrepreneurship.
  • Also TVET will help in promoting equitable, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, and supporting transitions to green economies and environmental sustainability.
     SOURCES:   PIB  | World Youth Skills Day 2021 | UPSC

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