World Youth Skills Day 2020 | UPSC
Prime Minister, on the occasion of World Youth Skills Day, exhorts Youth to Skill, Reskill and Upskill
WHY IN NEWS:
Skill India Mission has enhanced opportunities to access employment both locally and globally: PM
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Skill India Mission
For PRELIMS World Youth Skills Day 2020 is an important day ! Aim , event and focus should be noted down in your Prelims book .
For MAINS can you figure out employment boosting measures post COVID-19 for youth who lost bread and butter abroad ?
WORLD YOUTH SKILLS DAY 2020
- Every year on 15 July, the global community celebrates World Youth Skills Day.
- World Youth Skills Day 2020 will take place in a challenging context.
The World Youth Skills Day is an opportunity for young people, technical and vocational education and training (TVET) institutions, and public and private sector stakeholders to acknowledge and celebrate the importance of equipping young people with skills for employment, decent work and entrepreneurship.– (UNGA 2014)
- This will reflect on how skills development can aid in the short-term need for economic recovery.
- Plan the recurrent urgency to transition to sustainable development.
Skills for a Resilient Youth in the Era of COVID-19 and Beyond
Virtual celebration that will bring together young people, representatives of member States, technical and vocational education and training (TVET) institutions and the public and private sectors, workers, policy-makers and development partners.
- UNEMPLOYMENT : Rising youth unemployment is one of the most significant problems for developed and developing countries alike.
- TRENDS : There has been an upward trend in the number of youth not in employment, education or training (NEET).- Global Employment Trends for Youth 2020
COVID-19 AND UNEMPLOYMENT MENACE
- Worldwide closure of skills development organizations.
- Learners were affected by school closures.
- Systems depends on their capacity to adapt curricula as well as the preparedness of trainers and teachers.
- Under-employment has a lasting impact on essential livelihoods.
- Transformations in the labour market will also result in changes in skills demands.
ROLE OF TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
- Education and training are central to the achievement of the 2030 Agenda.
EDUCATION 2030 FOCUSES ON
- Affordable quality Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET);
- The acquisition of technical and vocational skills for employment,
- Decent work and entrepreneurship.
- The elimination of gender disparity and ensuring access for the vulnerable.
ROLE OF TVET
- TVET is expected to address the multiple demands of an economic, social and environmental nature by helping youth and adults develop the skills they need for employment.
- TVET can also improve responsiveness to changing skill-demands by companies and communities, increase productivity and increase wage levels.
- TVET can reduce access barriers to the world of work, for example through work-based learning, and ensuring that skills gained are recognised and certified.
- Identify future skills needs and develop responsiveness to short-, medium- and long-term impacts
- Skill India Mission launched five years back on the same day has led to creation of a vast infrastructure for skilling, reskilling and upskilling and enhancing opportunities to access employment both locally and globally.
- It has led to hundreds of PM Kaushal Kendras being set up across the country and increase in the capacity of the ITI ecosystem.