World Tourism Day 2020 | UPSC

World Tourism Day 2020 | UPSC


World Tourism Day 2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

Global community unites to celebrate “tourism and rural development

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Tourism


For PRELIMS go through the theme and its significance .

For MAINS take a look at the SDG and its relevance in post pandemic world .


The 2020 edition of World Tourism Day will celebrate the unique role that tourism plays in providing opportunities outside of big cities.



  • The 2020 edition of World Tourism Day will be about preserving cultural and natural heritage all around the world.
  • It is celebrated on 27 September every year.


The theme this year is- “Tourism and Rural Development”.


  • UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), a United Nations specialized agency.
  • This year it is hosted by MERCOSUR.

World Tourism Day 2020


  • This year’s international day of observation comes at a critical moment, as countries around the world look to tourism to drive recovery.

This also includes the rural communities where the sector is a leading employer and economic pillar.

  • The 2020 edition also comes as governments look to the sector to drive recovery from the effects of the pandemic.
  • The state parties look this event as enhanced recognition of tourism at the highest United Nations level. 


  • All around the world, tourism empowers rural communities, providing jobs and opportunity, most notably for women and youth.
  • For the first time in the 40-year history of World Tourism Day, the official celebration will not be hosted by a single Member State.

Instead, nations from the MERCOSUR Member States (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, with Chile) will serve as joint hosts

  • This co-hosting agreement exemplifies the spirit of international solidarity that runs through tourism .
  • All around the world, tourism empowers rural communities, providing jobs and opportunity, most notably for women and youth.
  • This World Tourism Day is a chance to recognize the role tourism plays outside of major cities and its ability to build a better future for all.


  • For countless rural communities around the world, tourism is a leading provider of employment and opportunities.
  • In many places, it is one of the few viable economic sectors.
  • Moreover, development through tourism can also keep rural communities alive.

By 2050, 68% of the world population will live in urban areas, while 80% of those currently living in ‘extreme poverty’ live outside of towns and cities.

  • Tourism is a lifeline, offering young people a chance to earn a living without having to migrate either within their home countries or abroad.


  • Over the decades, tourism has experienced continued growth and deepening ‎diversification.
  • It has become one of the fastest growing economic sectors in the world. ‎
  • Modern tourism is closely linked to development and encompasses a growing number ‎of new destinations.

These dynamics have turned tourism into a key driver for socio-‎economic progress.‎

  • Today, the business volume of tourism equals or even surpasses that of oil exports, ‎food products or automobiles.
  • Tourism has become one of the major players in ‎international commerce.
  • It represents at the same time one of the main income ‎sources for many developing countries.


  • This growth goes hand in hand with an ‎increasing diversification and competition among destinations.‎

International tourist arrivals (overnight visitors) grew 4% in January-March 2019 .

  • Compared to the same period last year, below the 6% average growth of the past two years.
  • This global spread of tourism in industrialised and developed states has produced ‎economic and employment benefits in many related sectors.
  • The contribution of tourism to economic well-being depends on the quality and the ‎revenues of the tourism offer.
  • UNWTO assists destinations in their sustainable ‎positioning in ever more complex national and international markets.


Tourism day 2020

  • The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), a United Nations specialized agency, is the leading international organization in the field of tourism.

UNWTO is responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.

  • UNWTO is geared towards the achievement of the universal 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).


  • UNWTO offers leadership and support to the tourism sector in advancing knowledge and tourism policies worldwide.

It has been advocating for responsible tourism and promoting tourism as a driving force towards economic growth.

  • The ultimate tourism goal is inclusive development and environmental sustainability.

World Tourism Day 2020 | UPSC


  • World Tourism Day 2020 will once again be celebrated by UNWTO’s Member States in all global regions.

It comes as communities in rural areas also struggle with the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • These communities are usually much less-prepared to deal with the short and longer-term impacts of the crisis.
  • This is due to a number of factors, including their aging populations, lower income levels and the continuing ‘digital divide’.
  • Tourism offers a solution to all of these challenges.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • With a current membership of 156 countries, UNWTO encourages the implementation of the Global Code of Ethics in Tourism.

This is to maximize tourism´s socio-economic contribution while minimizing its possible negative impacts.

  • Tourism helps rural communities hold onto their unique natural and cultural heritage.
  • It supports conservation projects, including those safeguarding endangered species, lost traditions or flavours.

For rural communities, indigenous peoples and many other historically marginalized populations, tourism has been a vehicle for integration, empowerment and generating income.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | World Tourism Day 2020 | UPSC



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