World Rhino Day 2020 | UPSC

World Rhino Day 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

We are walking in the right direction for a better future for Rhinoceros: Shri Babul Supriyo

      WHY IN NEWS:

Delhi Zoo to soon get a male rhinoceros from Patna zoo

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Conservation of Biodiversity : IUCN

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS just remember the organisers, IUCN status and aim of this initiative .

For MAINS look at the threats and impact of COVID-19 on Rhino poaching .

      CONTEXT: 

WORLD RHINO DAY 2020

CELEBRATIONS

World Rhino Day is on September 22nd.

AIM

  • World Rhino Day is an opportunity to highlight efforts to debunk the myths and diminish the demand for rhino horn.

World Rhino Day celebrates all five species of rhino: Black, white, greater one-horned, Sumatran and Javan rhinos.

FIRST CELEBRATION

  • World Rhino Day was first announced by WWF-South Africa in 2010.
  • World Rhino Day grew into an international success, encompassing both African and Asian rhino species.

THEME

Yes! “Five Rhino Species Forever” celebrates both the African and Asian rhino species.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • World Rhino Day provides the opportunity for cause-related organizations, NGOs, zoos, and members of the public to celebrate in their own unique ways.
  • These activities varied from one participant to the next.
  • Donors and partners are able to contribute to the organizations and initiatives of their choosing.
  • Peaceful demonstrations, classroom projects, fundraising dinners, auctions and poster displays are just a few examples.

CONSERVATION

  • One of the five rhinoceros species living in Africa and Asia have been declared ‘critically endangered‘.

These species are- Javan Rhinos, Sumatran rhinos and black rhinos. 

  • The White Rhinos have been declared ‘near threatened‘ while one-horned rhinos are said to be vulnerable to extinction.

World Rhino Day 2020 | UPSC

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Rhinos have very poor eyesight. However, their poor eyesight in compensated by other senses.
  • Rhinos can smell and hear people even when they are 30 metres away.
  • Rhino horn comprises keratin. Keratin is a protein which forms the basis of human hair and nails.
  • The African rhinoceros has a symbiotic relationship with oxpeckers.

The bird sits on the back of rhinos and eats ticks. The bird also raises an alarm when it senses danger. 

  • A group of rhinoceros is referred to as a crash. Male rhinos are called bulls while females are called cows.
  • Rhinos mark their territories by defecating around them.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

World Rhino Day 2020 | UPSC

  • Between 2007 and 2019, the populations of 4 of the 5 living species of rhinos saw a significant growth.

Collective enforcement and conservation efforts are paying off, though we must remain vigilant to the continued threat of poaching and trafficking.

  • Since the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak, it has been widely reported the loss of tourism could lead to an increase in wildlife poaching.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | World Rhino Day 2020 | UPSC

DISCOVER MORE : IUCN LIST

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