Table of Contents Hide
World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day
January 30 now ‘World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day’: WHA
WHY IN NEWS:
Delegates at the 74th World Health Assembly unanimously adopted a proposal by the UAE to declare January 30 as ‘World NTD Day’
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Diseases
WORLD NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES DAY
- WHA requested the development of new strategies on HIV, viral hepatitis & sexually transmitted infections as present ongoing & persistent public health challenges.
- Together they are responsible for more than 1 million new infections per day and 2.3 million deaths per year.
The WHO’s new road map for 2021–2030 calls for three strategic shifts to end NTDs:
- From measuring process to measuring impact.
- From disease-specific planning and programming to collaborative work across sectors.
- The ongoing 74th World Health Assembly declared January 30 as ‘World Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) Day’ May 28, 2021.
NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES (NTD)
- They are caused by a variety of pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, protozoa and parasitic worms.
- These diseases generally receive less funding for research and treatment than malaises like tuberculosis, HIV-AIDS and malaria.
- NTDs affect more than a billion people globally, according to the WHO. They are preventable and treatable.
- These diseases — and their intricate interrelationships with poverty and ecological systems — continue to cause devastating health, social and economic consequences.
- A major milestone in the movement to recognise the global burden of these diseases was the London Declaration on NTDs that was adopted January 30, 2012.
- Officials from the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Bank, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, representatives from leading global pharmaceutical companies as well as representatives of several national governments met at London’s Royal College of physicians to pledge to end the diseases.
- This year on World NTD Day, more than 50 landmarks across 25 nations lighted up to draw attention to the 1.7 billion people around the world still suffering from neglected tropical diseases.
- This recognition will further motivate everyone to work across sectors to implement the new road map, which aims to free over a billion people from these diseases by 2030.
- 2021 is the year the WHO will launch the #NTDRoadmap2030, with ambitious new goals to lead us into the next decade of collective action