World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day

      HEADLINES:

January 30 now ‘World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day’: WHA

      WHY IN NEWS:

Delegates at the 74th World Health Assembly unanimously adopted a proposal by the UAE to declare January 30 as ‘World NTD Day’

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

WORLD NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES DAY

  • WHA requested the development of new strategies on HIV, viral hepatitis & sexually transmitted infections as present ongoing & persistent public health challenges.
  • Together they are responsible for more than 1 million new infections per day and 2.3 million deaths per year.

NEW ROADMAP

The WHO’s new road map for 2021–2030 calls for three strategic shifts to end NTDs:

  • From measuring process to measuring impact.
  • From disease-specific planning and programming to collaborative work across sectors.

World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day | UPSC

Snakebite envenomation is also included among neglected tropical diseases.

PROPOSED BY

  • The ongoing 74th World Health Assembly declared January 30 as ‘World Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) Day’ May 28, 2021.

The proposal to recognise the day was floated by the United Arab Emirates. It was adopted unanimously by the delegates.

NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES (NTD)

  • They are caused by a variety of pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, protozoa and parasitic worms.
  • These diseases generally receive less funding for research and treatment than malaises like tuberculosis, HIV-AIDS and malaria.

EXAMPLE
NTDs include snakebite envenomation, scabies, yaws, trachoma, Leishmaniasis and Chagas disease.

  • NTDs affect more than a billion people globally, according to the WHO. They are preventable and treatable.
  • These diseases — and their intricate interrelationships with poverty and ecological systems — continue to cause devastating health, social and economic consequences.

World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day

LONDON DECLARATION

  • A major milestone in the movement to recognise the global burden of these diseases was the London Declaration on NTDs that was adopted January 30, 2012.
  • Officials from the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Bank, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, representatives from leading global pharmaceutical companies as well as representatives of several national governments met at London’s Royal College of physicians to pledge to end the diseases.

BACKGROUND

  • This year on World NTD Day, more than 50 landmarks across 25 nations lighted up to draw attention to the 1.7 billion people around the world still suffering from neglected tropical diseases.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • This recognition will further motivate everyone to work across sectors to implement the new road map, which aims to free over a billion people from these diseases by 2030.
  • 2021 is the year the WHO will launch the #NTDRoadmap2030, with ambitious new goals to lead us into the next decade of collective action
     SOURCES:   DownToEarth  | World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day

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