World Hepatitis Day 2020 _ UPSC

World Hepatitis Day 2020 | UPSC


Dr. Harsh Vardhan participates in 2nd Empathy e-Conclave on “World Hepatitis Day” for creating awareness among parliamentarians

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases


For PRELIMS it is important to go through the theme and the initiative .

For MAINS go through the symptoms and treatment . That should suffice your preparation . Let us dive in !


Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that causes a range of health problems, including liver cancer.



World Hepatitis Day is commemorated each year on 28 July to enhance awareness of viral hepatitis.   


This year’s theme is “Hepatitis-free future-WHO,” with a strong focus on preventing hepatitis B among mothers and newborns. 

The theme of this year’s conclave is-

Keep your Liver Safe in COVID times.

World Hepatitis Day 2020 UPSC IASbhai


There are five main strains of the hepatitis virus – A, B, C, D and E.  

  • Together, hepatitis B and C are the most common cause of deaths, with 1.3 million lives lost each year.
  • Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, viral hepatitis continues to claim thousands of lives every day.


WHO goals of elimination of Hepatitis C and of reducing the burden of Hepatitis B are by 2030.

  • The event was organised by Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS) in collaboration with Airport Authority of India (AAI) for creating awareness .


  • Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can cause a range of health problems and can be fatal. 
  • While they all cause liver disease.
  • The strains differ in important ways including modes of transmission, severity of the illness and geographical distribution.

In particular, types B and C lead to chronic disease in hundreds of millions of people.

  • Together they the most common cause of liver cirrhosis, cancer and viral hepatitis-related deaths.
  • An estimated 325 million people worldwide live with hepatitis B and/or C.

Some types of hepatitis are preventable through vaccination.


Many people with hepatitis A, B, C, D or E exhibit only mild symptoms or no symptoms at all.

  • Each form of the virus, however, can cause more severe symptoms.
  • Symptoms of hepatitis A, B and C may include fever, malaise, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark-coloured urine and jaundice.


  • Safe and effective vaccines are available to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV).
  • Chronic hepatitis B infection can be treated with antiviral agents.
  • Treatment can slow the progression of cirrhosis, reduce incidence of liver cancer and improve long term survival.

A vaccine also exists to prevent infections of hepatitis E (HEV), although it is not currently widely available.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • While the mortality due to COVID-19 is approximately 2 to 3 % and most cases are largely asymptomatic cases.
  • It is important to create awareness about the higher risk of both morbidity and mortality faced by people with co-morbidities like diabetes, obesity and fatty liver, chronic liver diseases.

WHO Member States, aims to reduce new hepatitis infections by 90% and deaths by 65% between 2016 and 2030.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | World Hepatitis Day 2020 | UPSC


If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.

You May Also Like