World Diabetes Day 2020 | UPSC
WORLD DIABETES DAY
WHY IN NEWS:
14th November celebrated as World diabetes day; the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting, who co-discovered insulin along with Charles Best in 1922.
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: UN Observances
For PRELIMS it is important to go through the significance of its theme and few facts which you never knew .
For MAINS what are the differences between type I and type II diabetes ? Let us dive in !
WORLD DIABETES DAY
- World Diabetes Day (WDD) was created in 1991 by IDF(International diabetes federation) with World Health Organization.
- World Diabetes Day became an official United Nations Day in 2006 with the passage of United Nation Resolution 61/225.
- It is marked every year on 14 November, the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting, who co-discovered insulin along with Charles Best in 1922.
- The campaign draws attention to issues of paramount importance to the diabetes world and keeps diabetes firmly in the public and political spotlight.
The World Diabetes Day campaign aims to be the:
- Platform to promote IDF advocacy efforts throughout the year.
- The campaign is represented by a blue circle logo that was adopted in 2007 after the passage of the UN Resolution on diabetes.
- The blue circle is the global symbol for diabetes awareness.
- Every year, the World Diabetes Day campaign focuses on a dedicated theme that runs for one or more years.
DIABETES: NURSES MAKE THE DIFFERENCE
- The theme for World Diabetes Day 2020 is The Nurse and Diabetes.
- The campaign aims to raise awareness around the crucial role that nurses play in supporting people living with diabetes.
- Nurses currently account for over half of the global health workforce.
- They do outstanding work to support people living with a wide range of health concerns.
- People who either live with diabetes or are at risk of developing the condition need their support too.
- People living with diabetes face a number of challenges, and education is vital to equip nurses with the skills to support them.
- Healthcare providers and governments must recognise the importance of investing in education and training.
- With the right expertise, nurses can make the difference for people affected by diabetes.
NURSES AND DIABETES
According to the World Health Organization (WHO):
- Nurses accounts for 59% of health professionals
- The global nursing workforce is 27.9 million, of which 19.3 million are professional nurses
- The global shortage of nurses in 2018 was 5.9 million.
- 89% of that shortage is concentrated in low- and middle-income countries
NURSES PLAY A KEY ROLE IN
- Diagnosing diabetes early to ensure prompt treatment.
- Tackling the risk factors for type 2 diabetes to help prevent the condition
FACTS & FIGURES
- 463 million adults (1-in-11) were living with diabetes in 2019 .
- The number of people living with diabetes is expected rise to 578 million by 2030.
- 1 in 2 adults with diabetes remain undiagnosed (232 million). The majority have type 2 diabetes.
- 1 in 6 live births (20 million) are affected by high blood glucose (hyperglycaemia) in pregnancy.
- Two-thirds of people with diabetes live in urban areas and three-quarters are of working age.
- 1 in 5 people with diabetes (136 million) are above 65 years old.
- Diabetes caused 4.2 million deaths in 2019.
- Diabetes was responsible for at least $760 billion in health expenditure in 2019 – 10% of the global total spent on healthcare.
- Nurses account for 59% of health professionals – the largest occupational group
- The global nursing workforce is 27.9 million, of which 19.3 million are professionals
- Nursing graduates need to increase by 8% a year to overcome the predicted global shortfall by 2030
- Approximately 90% of the nursing workforce is female
Investing in the health workforce also has the capacity to impact other SDGs on :
- Eradicating poverty
- Ensuring inclusive and equitable education
- Achieving gender equality through the employment and empowerment of women
- Promoting decent work and sustainable and inclusive economic growth.
SOURCES: IE | World Diabetes Day 2020 | UPSC