World Day Against Child Labour 2020 | UPSC


World Day Against Child Labour 2020: Vulnerable children worse off due to COVID-19

      WHY IN NEWS:

The nationwide lockdown to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has left them with no source of income and no means of protection against the disease.

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The nationwide lockdown to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has left child labourers with no source of income, no means of protection against the disease.  


The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) was adopted by the UN General Assembly on November 20, 1989.

  • RATIFICATION : The scope of this convention — that India ratified in 1990 — extends to individuals up to the age of 18.
  • Article 32 of the CRC : The parties (of the convention) recognise the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education.


  • The World Day Against Child Labour in 2020 will be conducted as a virtual campaign and is being jointly organised jointly with international non-profit Global March Against Child Labour and the International Partnership for Cooperation on Child Labour in Agriculture.


The theme this year is, “COVID-19 – Protect children from child labour now, more than ever“.


  World Day Against Child Labour 2020 focuses on the impact of crisis on child labour.

  • The COVID-19 health pandemic and the resulting economic and labour market shock are having a huge impact on people’s lives and livelihoods.
  • Unfortunately, children are often the first to suffer.
  • The crisis can push millions of vulnerable children into child labour.
  • There are an estimated 152 million children in child labour, 72 million of which are in hazardous work.
  • These children are now at even greater risk of facing circumstances that are even more difficult and working longer hours.

World Day Against Child Labour 2020 UPSC IAS


  • The children do not get any assistance from the government either.
  • They grow up without education and no knowledge of their rights.
  • Most of them do not own land.
  • Several of them are homeless.

An insecure life, physical and sexual abuse by adults in their immediate communities, harassment by law enforcing agencies, inadequate or no access to education and healthcare facilities.


The Africa and the Asia and the Pacific regions together account for almost nine out of every ten children in child labour worldwide.

Target 8.7 of the UN Sustainable Development Goals calls for an end to child labour in all its forms by 2025.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The issue of child labour is still a major one in India, despite the presence of several laws, including the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986.
  • While almost everyone agrees child labour cannot be overlooked, the issue is complex.
     SOURCES:DOWNTOEARTH | World Day Against Child Labour 2020 | UPSC


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