World Cotton Day 2020 | UPSC
India gets its first ever Brand & Logo for its Cotton on 2nd World Cotton Day – A Historic Day for Indian Cotton!
WHY IN NEWS:
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SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Agriculture
For PRELIMS 2021 this event can be a potential question . It is filled with numerous facts . Concentrate on properties , textures , initiatives and of course the Kasturi Cotton . We have sorted everything for you !
For MAINS well if you are hearing this event for the first time do revise the basic concepts of cotton from NCERT page no 20 . CLICK HERE
COTTON DAY CELEBRATION IN INDIA
- Now India’s premium Cotton would be known as ‘Kasturi Cotton’ in the world cotton Trade.
- Ministry of Textiles through APEDA under Ministry of Commerce and Industry has prescribed a certification system for organic Cotton.
- This will be introduced in phases in the entire textile value chain.
- Similarly, prescribing a certification system for non-organic Cotton has also been taken up with APEDA.
INDIAN AGRICULTURE AND COTTON
- Cotton is one of the principal commercial crops of India and it provides livelihood to about 6.00 million cotton farmers.
- India produces about 6.00 Million tons of cotton every year which is about 23% of the world cotton.
- India produces about 51% of the total organic cotton production of the world.
- This demonstrates India’s effort towards sustainability.
SOURCES : FAO
PROCUREMENT OF COTTON IN INDIA
- The Cotton Corporation of India (CCI) made ever highest Minimum Support Price (MSP) operation for cotton .
- CCI has opened 430 procurement centres in all cotton growing states and payments are being made digitally to farmers’ account within 72 hours.
- Discount of Rs.300/- per candy is being offered by CCI in its regular sale to MSME mills, Khadi and Village industry etc.
WORLD COTTON DAY 2020
- At the initiative of the Cotton-4 (Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali), the WTO hosted it on 7 October 2019 .
- On 7 October 2020, the WTO marks the first anniversary of World Cotton Day.
- The annual celebration of World Cotton Day provides the opportunity to recognize the importance of cotton as a global commodity.
- Cotton is grown in over 75 countries across five continents.
- The day highlights its central role in job creation and maintaining economic stability in several least-developed countries.
- This will enable developing countries to benefit more from every step of the cotton value chain.
- World Cotton Day will celebrate the many advantages of cotton.
- From its qualities as a natural fibre, to the benefits people obtain from its production, transformation, trade and consumption.
- This also provided a stage to showcase cotton-related activities and products.
The event is organised in collaboration with the Secretariats of the :
- United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
- The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
- The International Trade Centre (ITC) and the
- International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC).
This event stems from the Cotton-4’s official application for the recognition of a World Cotton Day by the United Nations General Assembly.
THE ANNUAL EVENT AIMS TO
- Give exposure and recognition to cotton and all its stakeholders in production, transformation and trade.
- Seek new collaborations with the private sector and investors for the cotton-related industries and production in developing countries.
- Promote technological advances, as well as further research and development on cotton.
FACTS ABOUT COTTON
IN THE FIELD
- Compared to synthetic alternatives, cotton is renewable and bio-degradable .
- It is the most sustainable raw material for the textile industry
- Contrary to popular belief, cotton is not a thirsty crop.
- Cotton occupies a mere 3% of the world’s agricultural area – yet it meets 27% of the world’s textile needs.
- Cotton is a tough, hardy, flexible plant that is indeterminate in nature and can be grown all year long even in harsh conditions.
- 80 percent of the world’s production comes from Brazil, China, India, Pakistan, the United States and Uzbekistan.
OUTSIDE THE FIELD
- The majority of consumers say cotton is the best fabric for active wear.
- More than 2 out of 3 say that 100% cotton sheets offer the best night’s sleep.
- Cotton is used to make a lot more than comfortable fabric!
- A ton of cottonseed produces about 320 pounds of oil – which can be used for cooking, cosmetics and soap, among other things.
- It provides an income to hundreds of millions of people around the world every year.
- A single tonne of cotton provides year-round employment for 5 or 6 people, often in some of the most impoverished places on earth.
- Cotton-based filaments are appealing to 3D printers because they Conduct heat well, Get stronger when they’re wet and Are more scalable than materials like wood pulp.
Cotton is discussed at the WTO on two tracks:
1) the trade reforms needed to address subsidies and high trade barriers for cotton, and
2) the assistance provided to the cotton sector in developing countries.
- These various tracks of discussion have been developed over the years as a response to a series of proposals.
- This is to address the sector tabled by four African countries — Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali — known as the Cotton Four or C4.
HOW TO CELEBRATE WORLD COTTON DAY 2020?
- Increase preference and demand for cotton and educate key audiences on the benefits and value of cotton
- Generate positive media coverage for cotton around the world
- Engage with WTO and UN and have World Cotton Day added to official UN calendar
- Recruit brands and retailers to promote cotton in their stores or on their websites
- Be self-funding
- Create events in multiple countries around the world celebrating World Cotton Day.