World Children’s Day 2020 | UPSC
Virtually Inaugurates ‘Climate Parliament With Children’ On The Occasion Of World Children’s Day
WHY IN NEWS:
The Vice President, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu today called for including a ‘child-centric’ approach in our response to climate change.
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 :3 : Social Justice : UN Observance
For PRELIMS go through aim , theme , significance and the UN resolution .
For MAINS , UNICEF has released a report on children vs COVID-19 and we have compiled it in this article itself.Let us dive in !
WORLD CHILDREN’S DAY 2020
- World Children’s Day is UNICEF’s annual day of action for children, by children.
- The COVID-19 crisis has resulted in a child rights crisis in the world.
- November 20th is an important date as it is the date in 1959 when the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child.
- It is also the date in 1989 when the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
UNICEF AND WORLD CHILDREN’S DAY 2020
- It’s time for generations to come together to reimagine the type of world we want to create.
- The UN also urged countries to ensure that students can continue to learn during the pandemic.
- Hundreds of millions of students are currently affected by school closures due to #COVID19.
- This is to help them fulfil their potential, from early childhood through adolescence.
WHAT NEEDS TO HAPPEN
UNICEF and partners are calling on governments to adopt a Six Point Plan to Protect our Children:
- Ensure all children learn, including by closing the digital divide.
- Guarantee access to health and nutrition services, and make vaccines affordable and available to every child.
- Support and protect the mental health of children and young people and bring an end to abuse, gender-based violence, and neglect in childhood.
- Increase access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene and address environmental degradation and climate change.
- Reverse the rise in child poverty and ensure an inclusive recovery for all.
- Redouble efforts to protect and support children and their families living through conflict, disaster and displacement.
CHILDREN AND COVID-19
- On the Occassion of world children’s Day UNICEF also released a report.
- Averting A Lost Covid Generation : UNICEF –‘COVID-19 impacting critical services’
- Children account for one in 9 cases.
- Children and adolescents account for one in nine reported COVID-19 infections across 87 countries, according to an analysis by UNICEF.
- This highlights the trifecta of threats due to COVID-19 facing children, including the disruption of essential services and rise in poverty and inequality.
- The report was released on World Children’s Day on Friday and coincides with nearly one year of the COVID-19 spread.
- Of these cases, more infections occurred among adolescents ages 10-19 compared to children 0-9.
- Unless the global community urgently changes priorities, the potential of this generation of young people may well be lost.
- Much worse though is the impact of disruption of critical services that support and safeguard children .
- Disruptions such as vaccination and maternal and newborn care, which could aggravate mortality and morbidity.
- This will further increasing their vulnerability to COVID-19 and other diseases.
- As a result, there could be an estimated 20 lakh additional child deaths under age 5, and 2 lakh additional stillbirths in the first year of the pandemic.
- The UNICEF calls upon governments to implement a six-point plan to secure the future of children, which include bridging the digital divide .
- It also appeals that measures be taken to curb rise in child poverty.
CELEBRATIONS IN INDIA
- ‘Climate Parliament with Children’ was organized by the ‘Parliamentarians’ Group for Children’ on the occasion of World Children’s Day.
- The need to raise awareness on climate change, its impacts and mitigation measures in schools and grassroots level was highlighted
- Additional deaths every year and majority of these deaths are occurring among the children who are more susceptible to illness, injuries and malnutrition.
- Continuous emission of greenhouse gases has done great damage to earth’s environment and its consequences threaten the very existence of humanity.
- #WorldChildrensDay, @UNICEF is urging countries to ensure all children can continue to learn,”.
“Children face a trifecta of threats: direct consequences of the disease itself, interruption in essential services and increasing poverty and inequality.
SOURCES: PIB | World Children’s Day 2020 | UPSC