World Children’s Day 2020

World Children’s Day 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Virtually Inaugurates ‘Climate Parliament With Children’ On The Occasion Of World Children’s Day

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Vice President, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu today called for including a ‘child-centric’ approach in our response to climate change.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 :3 : Social Justice : UN Observance

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through aim , theme , significance and the UN resolution .

For MAINS , UNICEF has released a report on children vs COVID-19 and we have compiled it in this article itself.Let us dive in !

      ISSUE: 

WORLD CHILDREN’S DAY 2020

World Children’s Day 2020 | UPSC

OVERVIEW

  • World Children’s Day is UNICEF’s annual day of action for children, by children.
  • The COVID-19 crisis has resulted in a child rights crisis in the world.

World Children’s Day was first established in 1954 as Universal Children’s Day .

AIM

It is celebrated on 20 November each year to promote international togetherness, awareness among children worldwide, and improving children’s welfare.

THEME 2020

Investing in our future means investing in our children

UN DECLARATION

Since 1990, World Children’s Day marks the anniversary of the date when the UN General Assembly adopted a Declaration and Convention on children’s rights. 

World Children’s Day 2020 | UPSC

UNICEF AND WORLD CHILDREN’S DAY 2020

The UN in a statement said that the “costs of the pandemic for children are immediate and, if unaddressed, may last a lifetime.”

  • It’s time for generations to come together to reimagine the type of world we want to create.
  • The UN also urged countries to ensure that students can continue to learn during the pandemic.
  • Hundreds of millions of students are currently affected by school closures due to #COVID19.

UNICEF works in over 190 countries and territories to save children’s lives, to defend their rights.

  • This is to help them fulfil their potential, from early childhood through adolescence.

WHAT NEEDS TO HAPPEN

UNICEF and partners are calling on governments to adopt a Six Point Plan to Protect our Children:

  1. Ensure all children learn, including by closing the digital divide.
  2. Guarantee access to health and nutrition services, and make vaccines affordable and available to every child.
  3. Support and protect the mental health of children and young people and bring an end to abuse, gender-based violence, and neglect in childhood.
  4. Increase access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene and address environmental degradation and climate change.
  5. Reverse the rise in child poverty and ensure an inclusive recovery for all.
  6. Redouble efforts to protect and support children and their families living through conflict, disaster and displacement.

CHILDREN AND COVID-19

  • On the Occassion of world children’s Day UNICEF also released a report.

TITLE

  • Averting A Lost Covid Generation : UNICEF –‘COVID-19 impacting critical services’

KEYPOINTS

  • Children account for one in 9 cases.
  • Children and adolescents account for one in nine reported COVID-19 infections across 87 countries, according to an analysis by UNICEF.
  • This highlights the trifecta of threats due to COVID-19 facing children, including the disruption of essential services and rise in poverty and inequality.
  • The report was released on World Children’s Day on Friday and coincides with nearly one year of the COVID-19 spread.

It seeks to reject the myth that children are not affected by the infection.

  • Of these cases, more infections occurred among adolescents ages 10-19 compared to children 0-9.

UNICEF estimates that children and adolescents account for 11 per cent of the 25.7 million infections reported across 87 countries until November 3. 

  • Unless the global community urgently changes priorities, the potential of this generation of young people may well be lost.
  • Much worse though is the impact of disruption of critical services that support and safeguard children .
  • Disruptions such as vaccination and maternal and newborn care, which could aggravate mortality and morbidity.
  • This will further increasing their vulnerability to COVID-19 and other diseases.
  • As a result, there could be an estimated 20 lakh additional child deaths under age 5, and 2 lakh additional stillbirths in the first year of the pandemic.
  • The UNICEF calls upon governments to implement a six-point plan to secure the future of children, which include bridging the digital divide .

Six point plan is to ensure all children are able to access school learning and guaranteed nutrition and health services.
 

  • It also appeals that measures be taken to curb rise in child poverty.

CELEBRATIONS IN INDIA

  •  ‘Climate Parliament with Children’ was organized by the ‘Parliamentarians’ Group for Children’ on the occasion of World Children’s Day.

The event aims to facilitate interaction between the parliamentarians and children on the crucial topic of climate change.

  • The need to raise awareness on climate change, its impacts and mitigation measures in schools and grassroots level was highlighted
  • Additional deaths every year and majority of these deaths are occurring among the children who are more susceptible to illness, injuries and malnutrition.

Children (0-14 year) form a quarter of the world’s population and they are one of the largest and most vulnerable groups that will be impacted by climate change”.

  • Continuous emission of greenhouse gases has done great damage to earth’s environment and its consequences threaten the very existence of humanity.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • #WorldChildrensDay, @UNICEF is urging countries to ensure all children can continue to learn,”.

“Children face a trifecta of threats: direct consequences of the disease itself, interruption in essential services and increasing poverty and inequality.

     SOURCES:   PIB  | World Children’s Day 2020 | UPSC

 

DISCOVER MORE : UN OBSERVANCES

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