Vessel Traffic Management System (VMTS) | UPSC

Indigenously Developed Vessel Traffic Management System | UPSC


Shri Mansukh Mandaviya launches “Development of Indigenous Software solution for VTS and VTMS

      WHY IN NEWS:

‘Made In India’ VTS and VTMS software to pave the way for ‘Make for the world’ vessel traffic management systems: Shri Mansukh Mandaviya

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Shipping
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Ports : Science and technology


For PRELIMS it is important to understand how this technology works and its components .

For MAINS g through significance , applications etc . Let us dive in !


Rs. 10 Crore sanctioned to IIT, Chennai for the development of indigenous software solutions


  • Vessels Traffic Management Systems are installed in some of the busiest waters in the world .
  • They make valuable contribution to safer navigation, more efficient traffic flow, and protection of the environment.

Traffic flow in busy approach routes, access channels, and harbors can be coordinated safely, in the best interest of port and its users. 

  • Incidents and emergency situations can be dealt with quickly .
  • Data from traffic movements can be stored and used as reference information for port administration, port authorities, coastguards and search and rescue services.

Vessel Traffic Management System (VMTS) | UPSC


  • With the indigenous software development in progress the recent positive cooperation with office of Director General of Light and Lighthouses (DGLL) .
  • The joint development of the indigenous VTMS software development as part of the Aatmanirbhar Bharat initiative will strengthen the cooperation in this area.

Ministry of Shipping has sanctioned an amount of Rs. 10 Crore to IIT, Chennai for development of indigenous VTS software.

  • At the same time, it will benefit the port sector, both in India and region.
  • It is expected that a prototype system will be developed in Ten-month time for testing and to operate as a parallel system until it is robust for day to day operations.


  • OFFSHORE PLATFORMS : Offshore platforms can use VTMS comprising radars and operators displays which help in hazardous environment of offshore oil and gas exploration and production.

24 Hrs VTMS service has become an essential safety tool and cost effective facility for:

  • Platform protection.
  • Safety of loading/unloading, buoys, wellheads, pipelines
  • Traffic advisory systems


VTMS can be installed at ports for maintaining coastal traffic and providing valuable service for their operators and customers as under:

  • Traffic information and advisory systems.
  • Traffic data for port information management system.

Assistance to coastguard, search and rescue

  • Protection of artillery firing ranges
  • Radar integration


VTMS can also be installed for the use of coastguard for:

  • Search and Rescue

Terrorism, Smuggling, illegal immigration detection

  • Artillery firing ranges
  • Control of areas used for weapons testing
  • Location of small boats and life rafts.


  • 512 Radars and AIS base stations
  • 2000 targets per radar extractor

10,000 targets per multi sensor tracking system

  • Unlimited local and remote operator workstations


  • Open architecture software
  • Ethernet LAN/Wan with TCP/IP
  • COTS components except: Radar interfaces, PCI board
  • Extensive zone alarm system

VHF communication integrated on LAN

  • CCTV integrated on LAN
  • Digital logging and replay of all traffic and system data
  • On-line system support and diagnostics


  • VTS/ VTMS is a software for determining vessel positions, position of other traffic or meteorological hazard warnings .
  • It extensively manages the traffic within a port or waterway

VTMS is mandatory under IMO Convention SOLAS (Safety of Life at Sea)

  • Presently, India has approximately 15 VTS systems operational along the Indian Coast.
  • There is no uniformity of VTS software as each system has its own VTS software.


  1. Saving of foreign exchange for various VTSs in India.
  2. VTS Software can be provided to Indian trade friendly nations viz. Maldives, Mauritius, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Bangladesh and Gulf countries.
  3. Will also minimize the cost for future upgradations of software.
  4. Shall be easier to interconnect with MIS/ERP softwares of ports.
  5. Availability of Indian VTS software shall make Indian companies to be competitive commercially in global bids.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • ‘Made In India’ VTS and VTMS software will pave the way for ‘Make for the world’ vessel traffic management systems.

Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) contribute to safety of life at sea, safety and efficiency of navigation and protection of the marine environment

  • VTS offshore installations from possible adverse effects of maritime traffic.
  • Data from traffic movements can be stored and used as reference information for port administration, port authorities, coastguards and search and rescue services.
     SOURCES: PIB | Vessel Traffic Management System | UPSC



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