Daily UPSC Current Affairs | 10th June 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS & MAINS 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Success is walking from failure to failure with no loss of enthusiasm.” –Winston Churchill

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Uttarakhand opens biodiversity park in Haldwani

      HEADLINES:

Uttarakhand opens biodiversity park in Haldwani to encourage conservation

      WHY IN NEWS:

The state’s rich botanical heritage is facing threats from climate change, degrading landscapes, habitat loss and development activities

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Conservation of biodiversity

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS note down the edible ,non-edible plants and the few medicinal plants mentioned in this article . Locate this place in your map .

For MAINS do you think such thematic gardens should be focused more ?

      ISSUE: 

The Uttarakhand forest department opened a biodiversity park in Haldwani to encourage conservation of flora, especially medicinal plants.  

The section on cactus in the Haldwani biodiversity park houses 61 species of cactus and 89 succulents. Photo: Bhupesh Koetalia, Uttarakhand Forest Department, Haldwani

The section on cactus in the Haldwani biodiversity park houses 61 species of cactus and 89 succulents. Photo: Bhupesh Koetalia, Uttarakhand Forest Department, Haldwani The section on cactus in the Haldwani biodiversity park houses 61 species of cactus and 89 succulents.
  • Many of them are labelled as ‘super foods’ and have an established market.
  • The park in Haldwani, opened June 5, 2020 — World Environment Day — has 40 thematic sections.
  • They include of wild edible plant species, fruits as well as plants of medicinal and commercial importance with cultural, religious and historical significance.

  Wild berries like kaphal (Myrica esculenta), hisalu (Rubus ellipticus), ghingharu (Pyracantha crenulata) and kilmora (Berberis asiatica) grow wild in the state.

  • They grow naturally in the forests and are not planted.
  • The park also houses a collection of lesser-known condiments that grow in the wild.

  For example, ‘jakhiya’ or wild mustard (Cleome viscosa) and ‘faran’ (Allium stracheyi) are used extensively for tempering culinary dishes that have found an international market.

  • The park also has a section on wild edible mushrooms.
  • “We have tried to grow some wild varieties in a controlled environment but mushrooms like the pricey ‘guchhi’ (Morchella sp.) have been kept in dried form.

Display boards placed in the interpretation centre. Photo: Bhupesh Koetalia, Uttarakhand Forest Department, Haldwani

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Each of these varieties are labelled for people to learn about their habitat and nutritional values,”
  • There are thematic gardens, a soil museum, species of plants, lichens, mosses and algae from the Jurassic era, a vermicompost unit, an interpretation centre, and a state-of-the-art weather station. The park also has a weather station.
  • “We cannot conserve unless people, the real stakeholders, understand why it is important to save the environment, a species or the biodiverse landscape.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

COVID-19 lockdown and the impact on camels

      HEADLINES:

COVID-19 lockdown and the impact on camels in Rajasthan

      WHY IN NEWS:

Camel herders face problems in getting care for their animals because of the nationwide lockdown to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Conservation : Fauna

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS note down the disease. and vulnerability !

For MAINS what are you thinking about possible solutions ?

      ISSUE: 

  The desert state is home to 213,000 camels or, 86 per cent of the countrywide camel population.The population level of the desert animal witnessed a sharp decline of 37.1 per cent, compared to the previous census in 2012, according to the 20th Livestock Census in 2019.

Camels infected with mange at Karanpura village in Bikaner district Photo credits: Suraj Singh / Desert Resource Centre

Camels infected with mange at Karanpura village in Bikaner district Photo credits: Suraj Singh / Desert Resource Centre Camels infected with mange at Karanpura village in Bikaner district.
  • Camel herders across Rajasthan face several problems due to the nationwide lockdown .
  • They are unable to get proper veterinary care, forage and water for their animals.

  SARCOPTIC MANGE — an extremely contagious skin disease — rapidly spreads among camels in the region.

  • Due to restricted movement it has become difficult to procure vaccinations and tend to the diseased animals.
  • The severity and number of mange cases decrease during the summer.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Poor last-mile care connectivity threatens their well-being as well.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

India, China agree to ease stand-off

      HEADLINES:

India, China agree to ease stand-off Troops of both countries begin partial ‘disengagement’ from some points along the LAC

      WHY IN NEWS:

A series of ground level military talks are due to be held over the next 10 days.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:IR

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to go through map and the respective finger .

For MAINS well this is just an event to be kept eye upon and follow the chronology of events . With the time passes by we will again solve some questions . This is just a factual update.

      ISSUE: 

  Indian and Chinese troops began a partial “disengagement” from some of the stand-off points along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh

  • Partial deinduction has happened from some points in the Galwan and Hot Springs areas.
  • At some points in the Galwan Valley, Chinese troops have moved back 2-3 km.
  • However, there is no change on the ground situation at Pangong Tso.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

PANGONG TSO ISSUE

  • Major worries remain at the Pangong Tso (lake), where territory is marked by ridges or “Fingers” in increasing serial order towards Chinese territory.
  • India claims up to Finger 8 and patrols up to Finger 4, but after a skirmish on May 5, Chinese troops have dug in at Finger 4.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

Migrants should not be prosecuted: SC

      HEADLINES:

Migrants should not be prosecuted: SC‘Send the stranded home within 15 days’

      WHY IN NEWS:

The Supreme Court on Tuesday said migrant workers should not be prosecuted for trying to reach home amid the national lockdown.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:3:Judiciary : Disaster Management

      LEARNING: 

For MAINS just go through the verdict . Understand the importance of this with respect to migration . Do you think it was a late decision ?

      ISSUE: 

Migrant workers hailing from Bengal waiting near a station in Kochi on Tuesday.

VERDICT
A Bench led by Justice Ashok Bhushan directed the Centre and the States to withdraw any complaint or prosecution lodged against migrant labourers who had set out on foot from big cities for their native villages to escape starvation, unemployment and disease during the pandemic.

  The court said “society as a whole was moved by their miseries and difficulties”.

THE PUNISHMENT

A migrant worker who walked home would have faced a year in prison or been fined or suffered both if found guilty of obstructing the law under Section 51 of the Act.

‘PROVIDE MORE TRAINS’

  • It ordered the Railways to provide the States with 171 more Shramik Special trains within the next 24 hours to transport migrant workers
  • The court asked the Directors General of Police to direct their personnel to deal with the migrant workers humanely.
  • It said there were instances of police excesses despite otherwise doing a “commendable job”.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“States/Union Territories to consider withdrawal of prosecution/complaints under Section 51 of the Disaster Management Act and other related offences lodged against migrant labourers who are alleged to have violated lockdown measures by moving on roads,” .

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB/DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS for UPSC CSE Prelims & Mains

 

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2020

 

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