Two Covid-19 vaccines approved in India | UPSC
Two Covid-19 vaccines approved
WHY IN NEWS:
India approves two COVID-19 vaccines for emergency useRegulator grants nod to Covishield by Serum Institute, Covaxin by Bharat Biotech
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases
TWO COVID-19 VACCINES APPROVED
- The Health Ministry had said that 3 crore such personnel, considered at the highest risk for COVID-19, would be given the vaccine for free.
- It isn’t yet known which vaccine will be made available to these personnel though officials said roll-outs could begin in less than a fortnight.
SOURCES : THE HINDU
YET TO COMPLETE TRIALS
- Neither Covishield nor Covaxin has completed the crucial Phase-3 trial, under which a vaccine candidate is administered to volunteers at multiple locations across the country.
- The approval was based on a recommendation by a Subject Expert Committee which deliberated for two days on granting approvals to the vaccines.
- Both approvals accorded are for “restricted use in emergency situation” .
THE FIRST RECIPIENTS OF THE VACCINE
- First, the entire vaccination drive will be voluntary.
- The vaccine will be administered to them for free.
- Also receiving the vaccine in the first phase will be a third priority group – consisting of some 27 crore persons above age 50, and persons below age 50, but with associated comorbidities.
WHAT ABOUT THE REST OF THE POPULATION?
- The government aims to complete the first phase of vaccinations by August 2021.
- The timelines for the rest of the population are not known as yet.
- Other groups will begin to be inoculated simultaneously after some weeks or months.
- Critical here will be the pace of the vaccination, and the availability of the required doses.
- Also, a whole lot of other vaccines — apart from Covishield and Covaxin — are likely to be approved for use in India in the coming weeks.
- These include the vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna, the Russian Sputnik-V, and Zydus-Cadila’s ZyCoV-D candidate.
PREPARATIONS FOR THE VACCINATION
- Preparations have been on for weeks for what will be India’s widest and most ambitious vaccination drive ever.
- Two rounds of mock drills have already been held — the first in four states on December 28-29.
- Some 96,000 vaccinators have been trained, including 2,360 in a National Training of Trainers, and over 57,000 in district-level training carried out in 719 districts.
- More than 75 lakh beneficiaries have been registered on the Co-WIN platform.
- The country’s cold chain infrastructure has been sufficiently upgraded to ensure last-mile delivery, and adequate supplies of syringes and other logistics have been arranged.
IF YOU HAVE RECOVERED FROM COVID, WILL YOU BE VACCINATED?
- Yes. The centre has said that it is advisable to receive a complete schedule of COVID vaccine irrespective of the past history of infection with COVID-19.
- This will help in developing a strong immune response against the disease.
IDENTIFYING THOSE ABOVE 50 YEARS AND ABOVE?
- The government has said that the latest electoral roll for the Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly election will be used to identify the population aged 50 years or more.
- The priority group of above 50 years is further subdivided into those above 60 years of age.
HOW MANY DOSES WILL BE ADMINISTERED?
- According to the Health Ministry, two doses of vaccine, 28 days apart, need to be taken by an individual to complete the vaccination schedule.
CAN A PERSON HAVE ONE DOSE WITH ONE VACCINE AND A SECOND DOSE WITH ANOTHER?
- No. The centre has said the entire schedule of vaccination is completed by only one type of vaccine as different COVID-19 vaccines are not interchangeable.
REGISTRATION FOR COVID-19 VACCINATION
- The COVID-19 Vaccine Intelligence Network (Co-WIN) system, a digital platform will be used to track the enlisted beneficiaries for vaccination and COVID-19 vaccines on a real-time basis.
- The eligible beneficiaries will be informed through their registered mobile number regarding the Health Facility where the vaccination will be provided and the scheduled time for the same.
- Document needed for registration can be any of the ten listed:
HOW MANY PERSONS WILL BE VACCINATED PER SESSION?
- States and Union Territories will identify specific days for vaccination. And one session will be for 100 beneficiaries.
- Photo ID is a must for both registration and verification of beneficiary at the session site to ensure that the intended person is vaccinated, the guidelines state.
SOURCES: THE HINDU | Two Covid-19 vaccines approved, What Next ?