IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 26th Sep 2020
Hardships often prepare ordinary people for an extraordinary destiny. – C.S. Lewis
EDITORIAL HUNT #158 :“Tough Roads into Heart of Asia | UPSC“
D. Suba Chandran
Tough Roads into Heart of Asia | UPSC
D. Suba Chandran is Professor and Dean, School of Conflict and Security Studies and Peace Research Programme and Science Diplomacy Programme, National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru
The Doha-Kabul journey as a road to nowhere
There is an element of naiveté among those who feel the Taliban will find middle ground with the Afghan government
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR
There is an element of naiveté among those who believe that the Taliban is transformed and will find middle ground with the Afghan government. Critically Analyse -(GS 2)
- US EXIT
- Issues within Afghanistan
- Consequences ; Post Withdrawal of Troops
- PARTIES : It was a tough road from Kabul to Doha for all three actors involved — the Afghan government, the Taliban, and, most importantly, the United States.
- CHALLENGING ROADS : The road back to Kabul will be more challenging, given the inherent differences on the Afghan endgame among these three actors.
SOME RED FLAGS
- WHAT AFGHANS WANT : Afghanistan with democracy as the basis, with liberal values and equal rights for everyone, including the minorities and women.
- FUTURE IN AFGHANISTAN : Taliban’s version of an Islamic emirate will be in direct contradiction to what the Afghan government wants in terms of democracy, human rights and equal rights for women and minorities.
- US EXIT : The U.S. endgame in Afghanistan is not aimed at a political settlement in and for Kabul.
- INTRA-AFGHAN TALKS : The U.S. should remain committed to the intra-Afghan process and ensure both sides, especially the Taliban, sticks to the political plot.
AMERICAN POSTERS OF ELECTION
- NEUTRALISER : The al-Qaeda in Afghanistan is neutralised, the Taliban has severed its relationship with all external actors.
- DEMOCRATIC TRIUMPH : The killing of Osama bin Laden, elections and democracy in Afghanistan, and, finally, an intra-Afghan dialogue.
- TALIBAN VS AFGHAN GOVERNMENT : The Afghan government has not only been reluctant from the beginning to engage with the Taliban but is also divided within in terms of how it sees the Taliban.
- POWER SHARING : While leaders are on the extreme side in terms of how they would loathe sharing power with the Taliban.
- LEADERSHIP CRISIS : The Afghan leadership was pressurised by the U.S. and even threatened with an aid cut, to get on to the road to Doha.
- AFGHAN PEACE COUNCIL : This is what the Afghan Peace Council has been tasked to and has been grappling with — to find an answer and a middle ground.
- RESERVATION : Outside the Afghan government, there are reservations among multiple sections – the minorities and women.
- LOOKING BEYOND : The last few years and elections have created certain institutions of democracy and liberal notions.
THE TALIBAN SPELLS VIOLENCE
- WHAT TALIBAN WANT : Is it looking forward to sharing power in Kabul and taking part in an electoral process ? or just working with the Afghan institutions .
- EGALITARIAN SETUP : Is it looking at creating an equal and egalitarian society in Afghanistan ?
- SPACE TO MANEUVER : For the Taliban, it would be nothing short of an Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.
- LONG WAIT : Taliban has been waiting for the last two decades for international troops to leave.
THE REGIONAL GAME
- REGIONAL GREAT GAME : Pakistan, Iran, China, Russia and India all have stakes in Afghanistan, and have made it clear through the multiple dialogues on Afghanistan (bilateral, trilateral and quadrilateral).
- AMERICAN INTERESTS : As long as American troops and interests remain in Afghanistan, their role would remain limited.
- COMPLEXITY : If the road from Kabul to Doha was tough, the return would be even tougher and more complicated.
It is also possible that the Doha-Kabul journey could be a road to nowhere.
SOURCES: THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | Tough Roads into Heart of Asia | UPSC