TiHAN-IIT Hyderabad | UPSC

TiHAN-IIT Hyderabad | UPSC


Union Minister of Education virtually lays foundation stone of ‘TiHAN-IIT Hyderabad’- India’s first Test bed for Autonomous Navigation Systems (Terrestrial and Aerial)

      WHY IN NEWS:

Union Minister of Education virtually laid foundation stone of ‘TiHAN-IIT Hyderabad’, India’s first Test bed for Autonomous Navigation Systems (Terrestrial and Aerial)

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Education
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Science and Technology : UAV


At present, there is no such test bed facility in India to evaluate the autonomous navigation of vehicles.


  • The Technology Innovation Hub on Autonomous Navigation Systems for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Remotely Operated Vehicles at IIT Hyderabad, known as ‘TiHAN Foundation‘ .
  • It has been incorporated as a Section-8 company by the institute in June 2020.


“TiHAN Foundation, established at IIT Hyderabad, is a multi-departmental initiative

  • It includes researchers from Electrical, Computer Science, Mechanical and Aerospace, Civil, Mathematics, and Design at IIT Hyderabad with collaboration and support from reputed institutions and industry.


  • The technology hub is focussed on the research and development of interdisciplinary technologies in the specific domain area of “Autonomous Navigation and Data Acquisition Systems” .
  • This hub focuses on addressing various challenges hindering the real-time adoption of unmanned autonomous vehicles for both terrestrial and aerial applications.

The hub’s focus sectors include Intelligent, Autonomous Transportation and Systems, Agriculture, Surveillance, and Environmental & Infrastructure Monitoring

  • One major requirement to make unmanned and connected vehicles more acceptable to the consumer society is to demonstrate its performance in real-life scenarios.
  • However, it may become dangerous.


  • Total Area 2 Acres of land has already been allocated in the IIT Hyderabad campus and the facilities are planned in phases.

All Smart poles are enabled with communication providing technology with some Poles designed with sprinklers to simulate rain scenario

  • The developed test bed will be available for use by all the industries, R&D labs, academia conducting research and development in the broad areas of autonomous navigation.

The Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, has sanctioned Rs. 135 crores to IIT

  • Hyderabad under the National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS).
  • This fund is to set up a Technology Innovation Hub on Autonomous Navigation and Data Acquisition Systems (UAVs, RoVs, etc.).


Special Features of this Facility include
  • Test Tracks
  • Emulation of Real-World Scenarios
  • State of the Art Simulation Technologies
  • Road Infrastructure
  • V2X Communication
  • Drone Runways and Landing Area
  • Mechanical Integration Facility
  • Centralized Control Room/Ground Control Station
  • Hangars and many more.


  • In general, both UAV and UGV testing may include crashes and collisions with obstacles, resulting in damage to costly sensors and other components.
  • Hence, it is important to test new technologies developed in a safe, controlled environment before deployment.
  • Several organizations worldwide have developed test beds or proving grounds to investigate the functioning of unmanned and connected vehicles in a controlled environment by replicating different scenarios.

This may be ranging from frequently occurring to extreme cases that may ensue in real-life traffic operations

  • Therefore, it is envisioned to address this gap by developing a fully functional and exemplary test bed facility dedicated to Connected Autonomous Vehicles – CAVs in a portion of the beautiful IIT Hyderabad campus.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • It is a great step towards ‘AtmaNibhar Bharat’, ‘Skill India’ and ‘Digital India’.
     SOURCES:   PIB   | TiHAN-IIT Hyderabad | UPSC 



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