IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 7th Nov 2020
“Everything has beauty, but not everyone can see.” – Confucius
EDITORIAL HUNT #230 :“The “New normal” after the Trumpian era | UPSC”
The “New normal” after the Trumpian era | UPSC
Biden, India and comfort in the old normal
In general, India could still be in a sweet spot if there is political change and a new administration in the U.S.
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR
India will be a safe spot for the new administration of U.S. in terms of socio-economic-political engagements . Discuss -(GS 2)
- Recollecting History
- Roots of Obama-Biden Era
- Friction Areas
- International Outlook
- THE TRIUMPH : With U.S. Democratic candidate and former Vice-President Joe Biden seizing the lead in the presidential elections that puts him at the cusp of victory,
- ALL FOCUS IN : The attention in India turns to what kind of foreign policy changes he will bring to India-U.S. relations.
VICE-PRESIDENT : JOSEPH BIDEN
- HISTORY HOLD SOME CLUES : In September 2009, U.S. President Barack Obama had tasked his Vice-President, Joseph Biden, with building an alternative plan to Afghanistan.
- PEACE AND DIPLOMACY IN MIND : Mr. Biden fought long and hard, building on multiple visits to the region, and suggested that the U.S. did not need more troops.
- BIDEN’s ROLL OUT PLAN : Instead it needed to pull out, and focus on a five-point agenda for what he called “Counter-terrorism Plus”.
- OBAMA’S WARS : It included a full focus on al-Qaeda, exiting other counterinsurgency missions and dropping the Bush era “nation-building” theme.
- PAKISTAN’S HIGHEST CIVILIAN HONOURS : On Pakistan, a country that gave Biden one of its highest civilian honours, the Hilal-e-Pakistan, Mr. Biden favoured a policy of engagement in order to deal with the Taliban.
- OBAMA’S EXECUTION : Eventually, Mr. Obama did not go with the Biden plan, and ended up with following the military’s plan for a surge of about 33,000 extra troops instead.
- A DECADE LATER : It was President Donald Trump who picked up ideas similar to the Biden plan.
ROOTS IN THE OBAMA-BIDEN ERA
- ERA OF STRATEGIC RELATIONSHIP : For India, this would mean some comfort in the continuity a Biden administration will show over the U.S. policy with India, strategic and otherwise.
- INDIA-U.S. VISION STATEMENT : While Mr. Trump owned the Indo-Pacific policy , the policy owes its origins to the Obama-Biden administration that first focused on “Asia-Pacific” in order to counter Chinese inroads in the region.
- MILITARY PUSH : It is also likely that Mr. Biden will build on the military foundational agreements with India, strengthen military cooperation and push the sale of U.S. military hardware.
- TRADE : Mr. Biden can dial back many of the measures that Mr. Trump has put into motion.
- VISA ARRANGEMENTS : Mr. Biden has an in-house understanding of the value of Indian immigrants to the U.S., and the importance of India’s outsourcing industry to the U.S., through his running mate Kamala Harris.
- A PENDING REVIEW : India’s pending review by the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom ; Democratic Party is in leadership.
- VOCAL ON KASHMIR ISSUE : Ms. Harris, Mark Warner, Pramila Jayapal, have been particularly vocal: Jammu-Kashmir, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, communal and caste-based violence, actions against non-governmental organisations and media freedoms.
- PEACE AND POLICING : Mr.Biden will be watched for what concrete measures he takes in order to strengthen the rules-based international order.
- FOREIGN POLICY STAND : Above all, Mr. Biden’s foreign policy will be watched for just how much he reverses Mr. Trump’s pullout from the multilateral world order.
This will include :
- World Health Organisation
- Human Rights Council
- Agreements such as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action,
- The Iran nuclear deal
- The Paris Climate Accord
- Traditional trans-Atlantic and trans-Pacific alliances.
MR. BIDEN SPEECH IN 2013 AT MUMBAI
“We admire the way you’ve melded ethnicities, faiths and tongues into a single, proud nation; the way entrepreneurship seems almost hard-wired into Indian society, from rickshaw-wallas to web programmers; and maybe most of all, we admire your democracy and the message that your democracy sends to people everywhere in the world.”
SOURCES: THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | The “New normal” after the Trumpian era | UPSC