The Global Girlhood Report 2020 | UPSC

The Global Girlhood Report 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

The Global Girlhood Report 2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

COVID-19 is increasing the risk of child marriage ,violence, adolescent pregnancy, and food and economic insecurity.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Report

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS it is important to look at important comparisons and analysis of child marriages . Do not forget the publishers .

For MAINS look at the vulnerabilities in pandemic faced by girls in poverty and note them down . It is an important report .

      ISSUE: 

COVID-19 is putting hard-won progress for girls at risk and exacerbating existing inequalities. 

THE GLOBAL GIRLHOOD REPORT 2020

  • 2020 was supposed to be a once-in-a-generation opportunity for women and girls.
  • The year when governments, businesses, organisations and individuals who believe in equal treatment for all people were going to develop a five-year plan for gender equality.

The five year plan was a part of celebration at 25th anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action.

  • Then COVID-19 struck. Now, 2020 risks being a year of irreversible setbacks and lost progress for girls.
  • Unless the world acts fast and decisively, the impact on girls’ futures – and on all our futures – will be devastating.

TITLE

The Global Girlhood Report 2020

PUBLISHED BY

Save the Children International

HIGHLIGHTS

  • COVID-19 has pushed 2.5 mln girls into child marriage, warns report.

This could reverse the progress of last 25 years towards gender equality and child rights.

  • The COVID-19 pandemic may undermine a quarter century’s progress in curbing child marriages .
  • This can also increase under-age pregnancies.
  • 78.6 million child marriages have been prevented by progress to end the practice over the last 25 years.
  • Great progress has been made with and for girls since countries promised to work toward gender equality in 1995.
  • It is not too late to protect a generation of progress for girls.

REPORT ANALYSIS

GIRLS’ RIGHT TO SURVIVE

  • Over a generation, there has been real progress in girls’ survival.
  • A girl born at the beginning of 2020 – before COVID-19 ; was more than two times more likely to survive to the age of five than girls born in her mother’s generation, 25 years ago.
  • And she’s 50% less likely to be too small for her age as a result of malnutrition.
  • Girls living in poor households and in remote areas are still far more likely to die very young than girls from wealthier families and those living in cities.

The Global Girlhood Report 2020 | UPSC

  • Improvements in early childhood survival and nutrition have not been matched by investment in reducing causes of death and disability for adolescent girls.

The second leading cause of death for adolescent girls (and boys) is self-harm.

  • The impact of COVID-19 on access to health and nutrition is likely to hit the poorest girls hardest.
  • The links between poverty, gender inequality and poor nutrition for girls mean that the COVID-19 crisis presents a grave threat to already inadequate progress.

GIRLS’ RIGHT TO LEARN

  • The world faces an education emergency in 2020.

1.6 billion learners have had their education interrupted by COVID-19 and past experience suggests that girls are the least likely to return.

  • Experience suggests that the majority of children who do not step foot in a classroom again will be girls.
  • With Great Depression predicted, many girls face huge additional pressure to earn money.

The Global Girlhood Report 2020

  • This is to support themselves and their families and are at growing risk of exploitation.
  • Children losing their connection to education, due to COVID-19 school closures, and growing poverty are increasing the risk of child labour and exploitation.
  • Girls also face higher risk of certain types of the worst forms of child labour, like trafficking and sexual exploitation.

GIRLS’ RIGHT TO BODILY AUTONOMY

  • The progress made to reduce child marriage over the past 25 years has prevented an estimated 78.6 million child marriages.

That’s six child marriages stopped every minute.

  • Legal protections against child marriage are increasing with more and more countries setting the minimum age for marriage at 18 years.

Global Girlhood Report 2020

  • Legal protections are important but laws alone are not enough.
  • The Report estimates that the number of girls at risk of child marriage could increase by up to 2.5 million.

CHILD MARRIAGE AND CONSEQUENCES

  • Child marriage is a form of gender-based violence and a result and driver of gender inequality and discrimination.
  • Ending the practice is critical to ending many of the rights abuses that stand in the way of gender equality for girls.

The Global Girlhood Report 2020

BACKGROUND

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND WOMEN

  • In 2015, all governments promised to work together to improve the lives of people all over the world.
  • The objective was to fulfil their rights by 2030 by agreeing to a list of 17 Sustainable Development Goals.

Gender equality and empowering all women and girls is one of these goals.

  • The goal of gender equality means closing gaps in access to opportunities and services between all men and women and boys and girls, including those with disabilities.

SDG AND WOMEN

Its targets over the next ten years include:

  • Equitable access to sexual and reproductive health and rights.
  • Equitable access to education

Ending harmful traditional practices like child marriage, female genital mutilation and other forms of gender-based violence

  • Improving women’s political participation
  • Recognising the value of unpaid work.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • RAISE GIRLS’ VOICES : By supporting their right to safe and meaningful participation in all public decision-making through the COVID-19 response, recovery and beyond. 
  • ACT TO ADDRESS ONGOING RISKS OF GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE :  Recognising that child protection workers and those addressing gender-based violence provide ‘essential services’; strengthen protective systems.
  • END CHILD MARRIAGE : Support already married girls to realise their rights – through law reform; multi-sectoral national action plans.
  • INVEST IN GIRLS : Now with new, not repackaged, investments to prevent the worst outcomes of COVID-19 for girls, and to enable progress and lasting change.
  • COUNT EVERY GIRL  : With improved data collection to put the girls who have been pushed furthest behind first, particularly in humanitarian contexts.
SUGGESTED READING : CLICK HERE FOR DETAIL REPORT
     SOURCES:DOWNTOEARTH | The Global Girlhood Report 2020 | UPSC

 

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