“More people will like you if you believe that people are good until proven bad.” ― Guy Kawasaki


Railway unveils signalling system


Railway unveils new signalling system

      WHY IN NEWS:

Project will be tested on four of the busiest routes

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Transport:Relative importance of means of transport: Railways


For PRELIMS understand the technology on which this system is built . Secondly , watch out for the pilot programme phase ; it mentions four places #MAPTHEMOUT.

For MAINS include such examples in technology upgrade scenarios while writing the answers .


It is a major Tech upgrade: The new systems will reduce congestion and improve safety, line capacity and punctuality.



EXPECTED ROLL OUT : roll out its new signalling system from April 2020 onwards. It is expected to make train travel faster and safer.

COST : The implementation will begin with four sections of about 640 route kilometres with an estimated cost of around ₹1,810 crore.

PILOT PROJECT :The four sections where the plan will be implemented first are the :

  • Renigunta -Yerraguntla section of the South Central Railways,
  • Vizianagaram-Palasa section of East Coast Railway,
  • Jhasi-Bina on North Central Railway
  • Nagpur-Badnera on Central Railway.



“These four sections are some of the [wc_highlight color=”yellow” class=””]busiest routes[/wc_highlight] on Railways, with heavy traffic.

The modernisation of the signalling system will include implementation of technologies such as the automatic train protection system that helps in adhering to permissible speed limits without driver intervention and the 4G-based mobile train radio communication system, which can be used for emergency communications.


      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Besides a centralised traffic control system similar to the air traffic control system, a remote diagnostic and predictive maintenance system will be implemented.

The implementation of these new systems will improve safety, reduce congestion, increase line capacity and improve punctuality





OIC voices concern


OIC voices concern, flags impact of CAA

      WHY IN NEWS:

The 57-member Organisation for Islamic Cooperation (OIC) issued a statement of “concern” on Sunday, criticising the government over the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, and the Babri Masjid verdict of the Supreme Court.



For PRELIMS its very important to know everything about OIC

For MAINS nothing much for now !


The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations with a membership of [wc_highlight color=”yellow” class=””]57 states spread over four continents.[/wc_highlight].


AIM: The Organization is the collective voice of the Muslim world. It endeavors to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony among various people of the world.

FORMATION :The Organization was established upon a decision of the historical summit which took place in Rabat, Kingdom of Morocco on 25 September 1969 following the criminal arson of Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied Jerusalem.

HEADQUARTERS: In 1970 the first ever meeting of Islamic Conference of Foreign Minister (ICFM) was held in Jeddah which decided to establish a permanent secretariat in Jeddah headed by the organization’s secretary general.


Secretary General:The Secretary General is elected by the Council of Foreign Ministers for a period of five years, renewable once.

Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers

Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers meets once a year to examine a progress report on the implementation of its decisions taken within the framework of the policy defined by the Islamic Summit.

Islamic Summit:The largest meeting, attended by the kings and the heads of state and government of the member states, convenes every three years

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“[The OIC] reiterates its call to ensure the safety of the Muslim minority and the protection of Islamic holy places in India,” the statement said, invoking the United Nations charter against discrimination. “In this regard, any action, contrary to these principles and obligations, may lead to further tensions and may have serious implications on peace and security across the region,”





Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019 reports


India, 163 nations off track to meet tobacco reduction targets

      WHY IN NEWS:

The current users of tobacco in smokeless form in India is estimated to be 257,020,000 and smokers to be 11,5563,000, the report said. Smokeless tobacco affecting adolescents more in the South-East Asia region.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Reports and Indices


For PRELIMS this report is very important . Concentrate on takeaway points . Remember Highest and Lowest !

For MAINS compare the previous data and the present one !


Despite a decline in tobacco use, India is off track to achieve 30 per cent reduction by 2025 as compared to 2010 levels, according to a report released by the World Health Organization (WHO) on December 19, 2019. In fact, 163 other countries besides India aren’t on track in this regard.


Photo: Meeta Ahlawat / CSE



“Despite gains, progress in meeting the global target set by governments to cut tobacco use by 30 per cent by 2025 remains off track. Based on current progress, a 23 per cent reduction will be achieved by 2025,”


  • One country (out of eight) in South-East Asia, three (out of 27) in the Western Pacific region, six (out of 53) in the European region, one (out of 23) in the Eastern Mediterranean, 13 (out of 35) in the Americas and eight out of 46 in the African region would be achieving the targets.
  • “The only WHO region expected to achieve a 30 per cent relative reduction in prevalence of current tobacco use by 2025 is the Americas region.


  • The smallest decline would be in Western Pacific region countries (11.7 per cent), followed by European region countries (18.0 per cent). The South-East Asian region would be 28.7 per cent.
  • As many as 84 countries (out of 194) will continue to witness a downward spiral but the reduction is going to be less than 30 per cent. Twenty-eight are unlikely to have any significant reduction (highest in the European region).
  • Five countries — Congo, Lesotho, Niger, Egypt and Oman — are likely to experience an increase in consumption.


  • In India, consumption is going to go down by  by 21.6 per cent points.
  • In 2010, as many as 44 per cent people of both sexes were using tobacco in India in one form or the other, and the country was one of the top 10 consumers.
  • By 2025, the consumption in males is going to decline to 35.8 per cent from 57.3 per cent, while in females, the per cent decline is going to be 29.8 to 8.0.


However, the bidi smokers have been categorised as smokeless tobacco form users in the press note. Replying to a query of Down To Earth, a WHO communications manager Paul Garwood said, “It was a mistake in the press note. Bidi is a smoked form.” However, he has not specified whether the mistake has happened while presenting the analysis in the report too.

The data on electronic cigarettes consumption has not been captured in the report.

When it comes to particular forms of tobacco being used among adolescents (13-15 years), one trend is clear by reading data for the South-East Asia region. It is the smokeless form of tobacco which has addicted them more here than the smoked form.

One of the important gaps highlighted in the report is the absence of appropriate monitoring of anti-tobacco programmes. The recent WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2019 reports that only 1 in 3 countries are undertaking this best-practice level of monitoring (a survey in five years)

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“Every year, more than 8 million people die from tobacco use, approximately half of its users. More than seven million of those deaths are from direct tobacco use while around 1.2 million are due to non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke.

Most tobacco-related deaths occur in low-and middle-income countries, areas that are targets of intensive tobacco industry interference and marketing,”




Assamese:State Language


Assam cabinet nod to accord stature of state language to Assamese may stifle growth of other tongues spoken by a few

      WHY IN NEWS:

Amid growing discontent against the current BJP-AGP government in Assam the cabinet led by Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal on 23 December 2019, suggested that the Government of India might amend Article 345 of the Indian Constitution.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:Official Language


For PRELIMS article 345 of Indian constitution is mentioned in this article . Lets dive in


Article 345 in The Constitution Of India 1949

345. Official language or languages of a State Subject to the provisions of Article 346 and 347, the [wc_highlight color=”yellow” class=””]Legislature of a State may by law adopt any one or more of the languages in use in the State or Hindi as the language[/wc_highlight] or languages to be used for all or any of the official purposes of that State: Provided that, until the Legislature of the State otherwise provides by law, the English language shall continue to be used for those official purposes within the State for which it was being used immediately before the commencement of this Constitution


The new amendment will make Assamese the state language of Assam, excluding BTAD (Bodoland Territorial Administrative Districts), Hill Districts and Barak Valley.

The cabinet has further suggested that Assamese will be made a compulsory language in English and other medium schools till class 10, except in BTAD, Hill Districts and Barak Valley.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The cabinet proposal targets at fulfilling the demands of the Assamese speaking majority in the Brahmaputra Valley in the wake of rising insecurities among the people after the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) was passed in both Houses of the Parliament earlier this month.


  • Article 345 of the Constitution deals with Official language or languages of a state
  • Article 345 empowers state legislature to adopt ‘any one or more of the languages in use in the State or Hindi as the language or languages to be used for all or any of the official purposes’ of the concerned State.



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