Swachh Survekshan Report 2020 | UPSC
Indore Creates Record by Winning Title of Cleanest City Fourth Time in A Row
WHY IN NEWS:
Surat And Navi Mumbai Secure Second and Third Position Respectively
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Report
For PRELIMS go through the key highlights and focus areas .
For MAINS note down key innovations and the best practises .
SWACHH SURVEKSHAN REPORT 2020
- MoHUA launched the sixth edition of the survey, Swachh Survekshan 2021.
- Swachh Survekshan 2021 saw the introduction of a new performance category, the Prerak DAUUR Samman which has a total of five additional sub- categories –Divya (Platinum), Anupam (Gold), Ujjwal (Silver), Udit (Bronze), Aarohi (Aspiring).
- 1.87 crore citizen feedback received
- 1.7 crore citizens registered on Swachhata App
- Over 11 crore impressions on social media
- Over 5.5 lakh sanitary workers linked to social welfare schemes and over 84,000 informal waste pickers integrated into the mainstream
- Over 4 lakh contractual employees employed by Urban Local Bodies
- Over 21,000 Garbage Vulnerable Points identified and transformed
- Over 59,900 Toilets Across 2900+ Cities Made Live on Google Maps
- Cities Of Indore, Ambikapur, Navi Mumbai, Surat, Rajkot And Mysuru Rated As 5-Star Cities, 86 Cities As 3-Star And 64 Cities As 1-Star
New Performance Category—”Prerak Dauur Samman” Introduced In SS 2021 .
KEY FOCUS AREAS
- Collect segregated waste and maintain till processing site
- Utilize capacity of wet waste processing facilities *
- Treat and reuse wastewater
- Follow 3R Principles: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
- Curtail solid waste based Air Pollution
- Uplift social condition of informal Waste Pickers
- Promote procurement through GeM
- Assess Ganga Towns separately to accelerate action
- Engage Technology driven Monitoring
- “Swachh Survekshan will continue to help us in sustaining the gains made under Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban(SBM-U)
- While Indore won the coveted title of the Cleanest City of India, Surat and Navi Mumbai won the second and third position . ( > 1 lakh population category).
- Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) has made significant progress in the area of both sanitation and solid waste management.
- 4,324 Urban ULBs have been declared ODF.
- 1,319 cities certified ODF+ and 489 cities certified ODF++ as per MoHUA’s sanitation protocols.
- This has been made possible through construction of more than 66 lakhs individual household toilets and over 6 lakhs community/ public toilets.
- When the Swachh Bharat Mission- Urban (SBM-U) was launched in 2014, it was with the objective of making urban India 100% open defecation free (ODF) along with 100% scientific solid waste management.
- A framework was therefore needed to bring about rigour in the progress in monitoring and a spirit of healthy competition amongst states and cities to improve their performance in key cleanliness parameters.
- As the performance of cities rightly show, we are well on our way to creating not just a ‘Swachh’ (clean) but a ‘Swasth’ (healthy), ‘Sashakt’ (empowered),‘Sampann’ (prosperous) and Atmanirbhar (self-reliant) New India!”.