Swachh Bharat Mission Phase II_ UPSC

Swachh Bharat Mission Phase II


Swachh Bharat Mission Phase II guidelines released

      WHY IN NEWS:

Safe toilets, with well managed black and grey water, are the need of the hour, particularly in rural areas



For PRELIMS it is important to understand the new parameters of SBM -II

For MAINS there are some bottlenecks when we converge a scheme and dilute the focus . Let us dive in !

MINISTRY? :- Union Ministry of Jal (water) Shakti


The operational guidelines for the second phase of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM II) were released by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) under the Union Ministry of Jal (water) Shakti on May 2020.  

Bottlenecks over the availability of water in toilets and solutions to make the mission a success are not explained int eh SBM II guidelines Photo: DTE


The guidelines hold significance as the country deals with the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.

  • The dumping of untreated faecal sludge has destroyed surface and ground water.
  • Safe toilets, with well-managed black and grey water, are the need of the hour.
  • The guidelines talk about building more toilets or community toilet complexes .
  • They also mention availability of adequate water or storage facilities of water for these toilets.


  The strategy focussed on proper implementation of solid and liquid waste management (SLWM) — plastic waste, organic waste, grey water, and faecal sludge — in rural areas.

  • They point out that first SBM I made the country’s districts open-defecation free (ODF) in October 2019.


The programme will be implemented in close coordination and convergence with:

  • JJM for greywater management
  • Finance Commission funds for co-financing of assets
  • National Rural Employment Guarantee Act for dovetailing funds and functionaries
  • Union Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship for skill development of field functionaries
  • National Rural Livelihood Mission for involving self-help groups as vehicles for behaviour change communication
  • New National Biogas Organic Manure Programme scheme of the Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

      IASbhai WINDUP: 


  • They do not mention clearly how water availability to toilets will be connected.
  • Bottlenecks over the availability of water in toilets and solutions to make the mission a success are not explained either.
  • There is only a mention of recharging groundwater by greywater.
  • Gram Panchayats should converge village action plans (VAP) for SBM and Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM).
The convergence of schemes did not work in the building of the toilets.

This created a bottleneck in the progress of the toilet construction.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB| Swachh Bharat Mission Phase II 

DISCOVER MORE : Important Schemes for Prelims 2020


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