In a landmark event, PM to launch physical distribution of Property Cards under the SVAMITVA (Survey of villages and mapping with improvised technology in village areas) Scheme on 11th October.

      WHY IN NEWS:

Move set to have a transformative impact on rural India and empower millions

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Panchayati Raj


For PRELIMS this scheme is important for PRELIMS 2021 . Go with the aim , implementation , beneficiaries and the funding pattern .

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The launch will enable around one lakh property holders to download their Property Cards through the SMS link delivered on their mobile phones.



  • SVAMITVA (Survey of villages and mapping with improvised technology in village areas) scheme is a new initiative of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj.

It aims to provide rural people with the right to document their residential properties.

  • This documentation will be helpful ; so that they can use their property for economic purposes.
  • The scheme is for surveying the land parcels in rural inhabited area using Drone technology.


  • To bring financial stability to the citizens in rural India by enabling them to use their property as a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits.
  • Creation of accurate land records for rural planning.

Determination of property tax, which would accrue to the GPs directly in States where it is devolved or else, add to the State exchequer.

  • Creation of survey infrastructure and GIS maps that can be leveraged by any department for their use.
  • To support in preparation of better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP) by making use of GIS maps.
  • To reduce property related disputes and legal cases


  • The scheme is proposed as a Central Sector scheme .
  • The projected outlay is of Rs 79.65 crores for the pilot phase (FY 2020 -21) .


The survey shall be done across the country in a phase wise manner over the period of four years (2020 -2024) .

  • The respective State Government would finalise the list of villages at the time of signing MoU with Survey of India


  • There are about 6.62 lakh villages in the country which will be eventually covered in this scheme.
  • The entire work is likely to be spread over a period of four years.
  • Presently, the pilot phase is being approved for the year 2020-21.

Pilot Phase will extend to six pilot States (Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand).

  • This will cover approx. 1 lakh villages and CORS network establishment is planned for two States (Punjab And Rajasthan).
  • For the States, which have already done Abadi surveys, the scope and the process of the survey will be decided in Phase II .
  • Phase II is post Pilot Phase and this will be in consultation with the States and SoI.


  • The outcome from the scheme would include updating the ‘record-of-rights’ in the revenue/property registers.
  • Thus , there will be issuance of property cards to the property owners.

This would facilitate monetization of rural residential assets for credit and other financial services.

  • Further, this would also pave the way for clear determination of property tax.
  • Altogether , which would accrue to the GPs leading to better civic amenities.



The following stakeholders would be involved in carrying out the scheme:

  • Nodal Ministry (Ministry of Panchayati Raj), Govt of India.
  • Survey of India (Technology Implementation Agency)
  • State Revenue department
  • State Panchayati Raj Department
  • Local district authorities.
  • Property owner
  • Gram Panchayat (GP)
  • National Informatics Centre (NIC) – GIS Division
  • Other line departments having assets in Rural inhabited areas (if any) for preparing comprehensive database.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Survey of India shall work as the technology partner for implementation.
  • The scheme aims to provide an integrated property validation solution for rural India.
  • This is the first time ever that such a large-scale exercise involving modern means of technology is being carried out for rural property owners.
  • Physical distribution of the Property Cards will be done by the respective State governments.­­­­
  • These beneficiaries are from 763 villages across six States .
  • This includes 346 from Uttar Pradesh, 221 from Haryana, 100 from Maharashtra, 44 from Madhya Pradesh, 50 from Uttarakhand and 2 from Karnataka.

Beneficiaries from all these states except Maharashtra will receive the physical copies of the Property Cards within one day.

  • Maharashtra has a system of recovering the nominal cost of Property Card, so it will take a month’s time.


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