Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM) | UPSC


Empowering farmers through Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM)

      WHY IN NEWS:

To empower the farmers through Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM) scheme, Government of India has released funds for various activities of Farm Mechanization like Establishment of Custom Hiring Centres, Farm Machinery Bank, High-tech Hubs and distribution of various agricultural machinery etc to different states.

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Schemes : Agriculture



  • Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has launched a Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM) in 2014-15 with the objectives of increasing the reach of farm mechanization to small and marginal farmers and to the regions & difficult area where farm power availability is low.

  • Mechanization also helps in improving the utilization efficiency of other inputs therefore considered to be one of the most important segments of the agriculture sector to boost the income of farmers and growth of the agricultural economy.


  • Conduct performance testing for various farm machineries and equipments at the four Farm Machinery Training and Testing Institutes (FMTTIs), designated State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) and ICAR institutions.

  • Provide financial assistance to farmers for procurement of farm machinery and implements.
  • Establish custom hiring centres of location and crop specific farm machinery and implements.
  • Provide financial assistance to small and marginal farmers for hiring machinery and implements in low mechanized regions.


  1. Promotion and Strengthening of Agricultural Mechanization through Training, Testing and Demonstration : Aims to ensure performance testing of agricultural machinery and equipment, capacity building of farmers and end users and promoting farm mechanization through demonstrations.
  2. Demonstration, Training and Distribution of Post-Harvest Technology and Management (PHTM) : Aims at popularizing technology for processing, value addition, low cost scientific storage/transport and the crop by-product management through demonstrations, capacity building of farmers and end users.
  3. Financial assistance for Procurement of Agricultural Machinery and Equipment : Promotes ownership of various agricultural machinery & equipments as per norms of assistance.
  4. Establish Farm Machinery Banks for Custom Hiring : Provides suitable financial assistance to establish Farm Machinery Banks for Custom Hiring for appropriate locations and crops.
  5. Establish Hi-Tech, High Productive Equipment Hub for Custom Hiring : Provides financial assistance to set up hi-tech machinery hubs for high value crops like sugarcane, cotton, etc.
  6. Promotion of Farm Mechanization in Selected Villages : Provides financial assistance to promote appropriate technologies and to set up Farm Machinery Banks in identified villages in low mechanised states.
  7. Financial Assistance for Promotion of Mechanized Operations/hectare Carried out Through Custom hiring Centres : Provides financial assistance on per hectare basis to the beneficiaries hiring machinery/ equipments from custom hiring centres in low mechanized areas.
  8. Promotion of Farm Machinery and Equipment in North-Eastern Region : Extends financial assistance to beneficiaries in high-potential but low mechanized states of North-East


      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Agricultural Mechanization plays a vital role in optimizing the use of land, water energy resources, manpower and other inputs like seeds, fertilizers, pesticides etc to maximize the productivity of the available cultivable area and make agriculture a more profitable and attractive profession for rural youth.

Agricultural Mechanization is one of the key drivers for the sustainable development of the agriculture sector.

  • Sustainable Agriculture mechanization growth will require appropriate and precision agricultural machinery adequately supported by the latest technology.
     SOURCES:  PIB   | Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM) Scheme | UPSC

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