Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Summit 2020
PM seeks respect for ‘territorial integrity’
WHY IN NEWS:
PM reminded that India has traditionally supported infrastructure and connectivity projects in the SCO region
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : International Grouping : SCO
For PRELIMS it is important to understand the organisation , setup and previous declarations of SCO . Note down this years key takeaway points too.
For MAINS how does SCO impact Indian geopolitics and territorial integrity ? We will take up this issue in our Editorial Hunts . Let us dive in !
SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANISATION (SCO) SUMMIT 2020
- “PM focussed to further deepen connectivity network (among the SCO members), it is necessary to respect each other’s sovereignty and territorial integrity,”.
- He also cited examples of the Chabahar port and the North South Corridor.
- The 20th summit of SCO heads of state is important as it brought President Xi Jinping of China and Mr. Modi together in the virtual format.
- As both the sides are caught in a stand-off along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh.
- Foreign ministers from across the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) are in Moscow this week for meetings.
- It has managed to gather the foreign ministers in Moscow despite the ongoing coronavirus pandemic.
- On 10 November 2020, the SCO Council of Heads of State (CHS) held a meeting via videoconference.
- The SCO CHS was chaired by President of Russia Vladimir Putin.
SCO continued to assert itself as an important pillar of the emerging representative and just international order based on:
- Supremacy of international law
- Equal and indivisible security
- Respect for civilisational diversity and sovereignty.
- Its Security Council as the key factor in maintaining mankind’s peaceful, stable and progressive development.
- The SCO member states intend to continue promoting practical collaboration in politics, security, trade and the economy, and cultural and humanitarian ties.
- SCO members showed the interests of overcoming the global and regional consequences of the novel coronavirus infection, COVID-19.
- The coordinated positions of the SCO member states have been reflected in the documents approved, namely the Moscow Declaration.
- The meeting approved the Plan of Action for 2021-2025 to implement the SCO Development Strategy until 2025.
- The SCO Concept of Cooperation in Developing Remote and Rural Territories in the Digital Era was discussed.
- The participants also approved the reports by the SCO Secretary-General and the Director of the RATS Executive Committee on their performance in 2019.
- They also supported the Kyrgyz Republic’s intention to establish and ensure the functioning of an SCO Cultural and Integration Centre in Bishkek.
- The Republic of Tajikistan has taken over the SCO Chairmanship.
THE SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANISATION
SOURCES : RIAN.RU
- The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation.
- The creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai (China)
- The Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan.
- It was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism.
- The SCO Charter entered into force on 19 September 2003.
- This is the fundamental statutory document which outlines the organisation’s goals and principles, structure and core activities.
- The historical meeting of the Heads of State Council of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation was held on 8-9 June 2017 in Astana.
- Strengthening mutual trust and neighbourliness among the member state
- Promoting their effective cooperation in politics, trade, the economy, research, technology and culture
- Making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, security and stability in the region
- Moving towards the establishment of a democratic, fair and rational new international political and economic order.
- Principles of mutual trust
- Mutual benefit, equality, mutual consultations
- Respect for cultural diversity
- A desire for common development
- Non-targeting any third country, and openness.
DECISION MAKING IN SCO
- The Heads of State Council (HSC) is the supreme decision-making body in the SCO.
- The SCO Heads of Government Council (HGC) meets once a year to discuss the organisation’s multilateral cooperation strategy and priority areas.
- To resolve current important economic and other cooperation issues, and also to approve the organisation’s annual budget.
STRUCTURE OF SCO | Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Summit 2020 | UPSC | SOURCES : WIKI COMMONS
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE OF SCO
The organisation has two permanent bodies —
- The SCO Secretariat based in Beijing
- The Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent.
SCO comprises eight member states, namely the
- Republic of India
- Republic of Kazakhstan
- People’s Republic of China
- Kyrgyz Republic
- Islamic Republic of Pakistan
- Russian Federation
- Republic of Tajikistan
- Republic of Uzbekistan
SCO counts four observer states, namely the
- Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
- Republic of Belarus
- Islamic Republic of Iran
- Republic of Mongolia
SCO has six dialogue partners:
- Republic of Azerbaijan
- Republic of Armenia
- Kingdom of Cambodia
- Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
- Republic of Turkey
- Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.
- The SCO Secretariat, based in Beijing, is the main permanent executive body of the SCO.
- Nominated by the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs and approved by the Heads of State Council.
- The Secretary-General is appointed from among citizens of the SCO member states on a rotating basis in Russian alphabetical order .
ACTIVITIES AND APPOINTMENTS
- Officials of the Secretariat are hired from among citizens of the SCO member states on the basis of quotas.
- Secretariat also works with states and international organisations on issues related to the organisation’s activity, and concludes agreements.
- The Secretariat also works with non-governmental organisations within the SCO framework .
- In addition, it organises and coordinates the activity of the SCO Observer Mission .
- The Secretariat holds regular briefings for representatives of print and internet media, prepares and publishes a news bulletin, and manages its website.
- The Secretariat provides organisational and technical support for meetings and/or sessions of SCO institutions in accordance with relevant regulations and in cooperation with the state hosting the meeting.
CHINESE COUNTERPART AT SCO | SOURCES : GLOBAL TIMES
SOURCES: THE HINDU | Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Summit 2020 | UPSC