Samvidhan Divas 2020 | UPSC

Samvidhan Divas 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Constitution Day 2020

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Salient features of Indian Constitution : Preamble

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS understand the significance of this day and why it is celebrated .

For MAINS go through Preamble once and try to define each word . Let us dive in !

      ISSUE: 

SAMVIDHAN DIVAS

Samvidhan Divas 2020 | UPSC

  • Constitution Day (or Samvidhan Divas), also known as National Law Da.
  • It is celebrated in on 26 November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India.

On 26 November 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India, and it came into effect on 26 January 1950. 

  • The Government of India declared 26 November as Constitution Day on 19 November 2015 by a gazette notification.
  • PM made the declaration on 11 October 2015 while laying the foundation stone of the B. R. Ambedkar’s Statue of Equality memorial in Mumbai.

The year of 2015 was the 125th birth anniversary of Ambedkar, who had chaired the drafting committee of the Constituent Assembly.

  • Previously this day was celebrated as Law Day.

National Law Day commemorates the pledge of Purna Swaraj, passed in the Lahore session of the Congress in 1930.

  • 6 November was chosen to spread the importance of the constitution and to spread thoughts and ideas of Ambedkar.

CELEBRATIONS

  • Constitution Day is not a public holiday.
  • Various departments of the Government of India celebrate the Constitution day.

As per the Department of Education and Literacy, the preamble of the constitution is read in all schools by all students. 

  • In addition, there were quiz and essay competitions both online and offline on the subject of the constitution of India.

Samvidhan Divas 2020 | UPSC

TAKE THE PLEDGE

  • There are a lecture on salient features of the constitution in each school.
  • The Department of Higher Education requested various universities to arrange mock parliamentary debates in colleges.
  • The Ministry of External Affairs directed all overseas Indian schools to celebrate 26 November as Constitution Day.
  • The work of translating the Indian constitution into Arabic has been completed.

Department of Sport arranged symbolic run named “Run for Equality“.

  • There are also a special session of Indian parliament on 26 November 2015 to give tribute to the constitution and Ambedkar.

BACKGROUND

  • Since 2015 was the 125th birth anniversary year of B. R. Ambedkar (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956).
  • He is known as the father of the Indian constitution, the government decided in May 2015 to celebrate this year “in a big way”.
  • A special committee chaired by Prime Minister of India was announced for year-long celebrations.
  • Various programmes will be held by various ministries and departments throughout the year to spread thoughts and ideas of Ambedkar.
  • In November 2015, the government officially announced celebration of the day.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Constitution Day 2020 is being celebrated across the country today (November 26), to commemorate the day when the Constitution of India was adopted.
  • The Constitution is a document that lays down the fundamental political principles, right, duties and gives power of the government.
READ THE PREAMBLE : JOIN THE CAMPAIGN 
     SOURCES:   PIB | Samvidhan Divas 2020 | UPSC

 

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