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Quality of Life for Elderly Index 2021 | UPSC
“Quality of Life for Elderly Index assesses well-being of India’s ageing population”
WHY IN NEWS:
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QUALITY OF LIFE FOR ELDERLY INDEX 2021
- Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Chandigarh lead the rankings in Aged States, Relatively-Aged States, North Eastern States and Union Territories categories, respectively.
- The report presents a deeper insight into how well India is doing to support the well-being of its ageing population.
- Quality of Life for Elderly Index was released by Dr Bibek Debroy,Chairman, Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM).
The Index framework includes four pillars:
- Financial Well-being
- Social Well-being
- Health System and
- Income Security
Also the Index framework includes eight sub-pillars:
- Economic Empowerment
- Educational Attainment & Employment
- Social Status
- Physical Security
- Basic Health
- Psychological Wellbeing
- Social Security and
- Enabling Environment.
- This index broadens the way we understand the needs and opportunities of the elderly population in India.
- The index highlights that the best way to improve the lives of the current and future generations of older people is by investing in health, education and employment for young people today.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE REPORT
- The Health System pillar observes the highest national average, 66.97 at an all-India level, followed by 62.34 in Social Well-being.
- States have performed particularly worse in the Income Security pillar because over half of the States have a score below the national average, i.e., 33.03 in Income Security, which is the lowest across all pillars.
- These pillar-wise analyses help States assess the state of the elderly population and identify existing gaps that obstruct their growth
SOURCES : PIB
- Chandigarh and Mizoram are top-scoring regions in Union Territory and North-East States category.
SOURCES : PIB
- The Aged States refer to States with an elderly population of more than 5 million, whereas Relatively Aged States refer to States with an Elderly population of less than 5 million.
SOURCES : PIB
- Without a proper diagnostic tool to understand the implications of its ageing population, planning for the elderly can become a challenge for policymakers.
- The Quality of Life for Elderly Index has been released to broaden the way we understand the needs and the opportunities of the elderly population in India.
- The index can thus help the nation identify areas that need improvement and grab the current opportunity to start putting positive changes in motion for the next decades.
- The index also promotes healthy competition among States through fair rankings and highlights the pillars and indicators they can improve.
- Using this index as a tool, the State governments and the stakeholders can identify the areas they need to work upon to provide their older generation with a comfortable life.
- India is often portrayed as a young society, with a consequent demographic dividend.
- But, as with every country that goes through a fast process of demographic transition, India also has greying cum aging problem.