PM-AASHA Scheme | UPSC
Functioning of PM-AASHA Scheme ( Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan )
WHY IN NEWS:
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SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Agriculture
For PRELIMS go through the aim and different components under the scheme .
For MAINS note down the pro-farmer initiatives mentioned in the scheme .You can easily embed them in answers related to MSP and agriculture . Let us dive in !
- Giving a major boost to the pro-farmer initiatives of the Government and in keeping with Government’s commitment and dedication for Annadata.
- Government has already increased the MSP of Kharif crops by following the principle of 1.5 times the cost of production.
- It is expected that the increase in MSP will bring robust procurement mechanism in coordination with the State Governments.
- This will ensure Minimum Support Price (MSP) to farmers of notified oilseeds and pulses qualifying Fair Average Quality norms.
THREE IMPORTANT COMPONENTS
- Price Support Scheme (PSS) with certain modifications.
- Rolling out of new schemes of Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS)
- Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockist Scheme (PPSS).
PRICE SUPPORT SCHEME (PSS)
- This will be done by Central Nodal Agencies with proactive role of State governments.
- It is also decide the addition to NAFED, Food Cooperation of India (FCI) will take up PSS operations in states /districts.
- The procurement expenditure and losses due to procurement will be borne by Central Government as per norms.
PRICE DEFICIENCY PAYMENT SCHEME (PDPS)
- PDPS is proposed to cover all oilseeds for which MSP is notified.
- Farmer selling his produce in the notified market yard will be through a transparent auction process.
- All payment will be done directly into registered bank account of the farmer.
- This scheme does not involve any physical procurement of crops as farmers are paid the difference between the MSP price and Sale price .
PILOT OF PRIVATE PROCUREMENT & STOCKIST SCHEME (PPPS)
- Participation of private sector in procurement operation needs to piloted .
- Therefore in addition to PDPS, it has been decided that for oilseeds, states have the option to roll out PPSS on pilot basis.
- The pilot district/selected APMC(s) of district will cover one or more crop of oilseeds for which MSP is notified.
- The scheme proposes to strengthen physical procurement of pulses, oilseeds and copra.
- Besides, the State governments will also procure 25 per cent of the marketable surplus of farmers for eligible crops.
- PM-AASHA has been introduced by the Centre to plug the holes in the procurement system .
- This will address the gaps in the Minimum Support Price (MSP).
- When markets have failed miserably to pull out farmers from the perpetual indebtedness over the years,PM-AASHA comes as relief.
- The launch of PM-AASHA can be seen as the dawn of new market architecture.