Pied Cuckoo | UPSC
Nano technology enables scientists to study migrations of Pied Cuckoo
WHY IN NEWS:
The project is the first to study the species, which is closely linked to the arrival of the south west monsoon in India
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Conservation of Biodiversity : Flora and Fauna
For PRELIMS you have to understand the migration pattern , Stay and take a note of IUCN Status .
For MAINS do you think lot of birds migratory pattern has to be studied closely ? What conclusions can we drive out from such studies ? Well we have one here now . Let us dive in !
JOINT EFFORT BY
- The project is a joint effort by the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun and the Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), which comes under the Indian Space Research Organisation or ISRO.
- There are basically three subspecies of the Pied Cuckoo of which one is resident in Africa while another is resident in South India.
- The Pied Cuckoo is famous in North Indian folklore as ‘chatak’, a bird that quenches its thirst only with raindrops.
- From Southern Africa, it comes to the Himalayan foothills stretching from Jammu to Assam to breed every year.
- It is also a brood parasite in that it does not make its own nest and instead lays its egg in the nest of other birds, particularly the Jungle Babbler.
- The birds come to the same localities every year.
PIED CUCKOO PROJECT
- Two cuckoos were named Megh, meaning cloud and Chatak.
- This collaborative effort is a first of its kind and through this an online web-based geospatial dashboard will be developed for near-real-time monitoring of trends and patterns in movement of Pied Cuckoo .
PIED CUCKOO MIGRATION STUDY
The two cuckoos, Megh and Chatak are expected to stay in the Doon valley till the end of the monsoon season.
- MIGRATION : They will start their southbound migration in late September.
- FUNDING : The Pied Cuckoo migration study is part of a larger project — Indian Bioresource Information portal (IBIN) funded by the Department of Biotechnology.
The IBIN project consists of various biodiversity and environmental parameters which will help in assessing the likely impacts of projected climate change on the potential distribution of Pied Cuckoo .