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Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019-20 | UPSC
Union Education Minister approves the release of Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019-20 for States and Union Territories
WHY IN NEWS:
Union Education Minister, Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ approved the release of Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019-20 for States and Union Territories of India today.
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases
PERFORMANCE GRADING INDEX (PGI) 2019-20
- The Indian school Education System is one of the largest in the world with more than 15 lakh schools, nearly 97 lakh teachers and more than 25 crore students1 from varied socio economic backgrounds.
- The system strives to maintain standards and uniformity across the country while giving ample scope for the country’s diverse culture and heritage to grow and flourish.
- The PGI for States and Union Territories was first published in 2019 with reference year 2017-18.
- The PGI exercise envisages that the index would propel States and UTs towards undertaking multi-pronged interventions that will that will bring about the much-desired optimal education outcomes.
- The PGI helps the States/UTs to pinpoint the gaps and accordingly prioritise areas for intervention to ensure that the school education system is robust at every level.
- Grading thus allows several States and UTs to be considered at the same level, eliminates the phenomenon of one improving only at the cost of others, thereby casting a stigma of underperformance on the latter.
- The schemes initiated by the Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSEL) along with the implementation of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, have resulted in significant improvement in accessibility.
- As a logical next step, the focus has now shifted from access to quality of education.
- The Government has introduced the Performance Grading Index with a set of 70 parameters to catalyse transformational change in the field of school education.
- The PGI is structured in two categories, namely, Outcomes and Governance & Management and comprises 70 indicators in aggregate with a total weightage of 1000.
- Some of the indicators comprise of a few sub-indicators.
- The Levels and Grades are based on the total score obtained by the States and UTs on their performance on all the 70 indicators during 2019-20.
- Punjab, Chandigarh, Tamil Nadu, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Kerala occupy the highest grade (Grade A++) for 2019-20.
SOURCES : PIB
- Most of the States/UTs have improved their grade in PGI 2019-20 compared to the earlier years.
- As many as thirteen States and UTs have shown improvement by 10% (15 points) or more in the PGI domain: Infrastructure and Facilities.
- Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Odisha have shown improvement by 20% or more.
- Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Odisha have shown more than 10% improvement in the PGI domain: Equity.
SOURCES : PIB
- The index collects main source of data from UDISE+, is updated on an annual basis through the MIS coordinators at different levels of State Government and a three stage verification by the block, district and State level officers of the Education Departments of concerned States/UTs.
- It is proposed that, in future, awards for various categories would be based on these evidences suitably corroborated by spot inspections on a random sampling basis.
- The National Achievement Survey (NAS) conducted by NCERT to measure the learning outcomes is also being streamlined to make the assessment process more objective.
- The National Education Policy 2020 and visionary Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Government Schemes like Samagra Shiksha (SS), Mid-Day Meal (MDM) and similar such schemes by the States would deliver the desired result if they are monitored effectively.