Nobel Peace Prize 2020 | UPSC
World Food Programme wins Nobel Peace Prize 2020
WHY IN NEWS:
Organisation awarded not just for its previous humanitarian record but also for the role it will play in the post-COVID-19 world
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Awards
For PRELIMS it is important to understand why this award is given , to whom and what is the selection criteria . Also the second part of this article covers World Food Programme too .
For MAINS can you mention few point about Nobel peace prize controversy ? Let us dive in !
NOBEL PEACE PRIZE 2020
- The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel.
- Peace prize is along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
Since March 1901 it has been awarded annually (with some exceptions) to those who have :
- Done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations.
- For the abolition or reduction of standing armies.
- Or for the holding and promotion of peace congresses
ALFRED NOBEL AND PEACE PRIZE
- Alfred Nobel showed a big interest in social issues and was engaged in the peace movement.
- His acquaintance with Bertha von Suttner, who was a driving force in the international peace movement in Europe.
- The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded by a committee elected by the Norwegian Parliament (Stortinget).
NORWEGIAN NOBEL COMMITTEE
- The Norwegian Nobel Committee is responsible for selecting the Nobel Peace Prize Laureates.
- By the terms of Alfred Nobel’s will the Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee since 1901.
- Alfred Nobel left no explanation as to why the prize for peace was to be awarded by a Norwegian committee .
- While the other four prizes were to be handled by Swedish committees.
- The Committee’s composition reflects the relative strengths of the political parties in the Storting.
- It is assisted by specially appointed expert advisers.
- Nobel laureate receives a diploma, a medal, and a document confirming the prize amount.
- As of 2019, the prize was worth 9 million SEK. (About 7 Crore INR ).
WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME (WFP)
- The World Food Programme (WFP) is the leading humanitarian organization saving lives and changing lives.
- The international community has committed to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition by 2030.
- One in nine people worldwide still do not have enough to eat.
- Food and food-related assistance lie at the heart of the struggle to break the cycle of hunger and poverty.
WFP headquarters is located in Rome , Italy.
WHY WFP WAS AWARDED PEACE PRIZE?
- For its efforts to combat hunger.
- For its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas.
- WFP is going to play a prominent role post-novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) .
In 2019, WFP assisted 97 million people – the largest number since 2012 – in 88 countries.
- On any given day, WFP has 5,600 trucks, 30 ships and nearly 100 planes on the move, delivering food and other assistance to those in most need.
- Every year, WFP distribute more than 15 billion rations at an estimated average cost per ration of US$ 0.61.
- These numbers lie at the roots of WFP’s unparalleled reputation as an emergency responder.
- WFP’s efforts focus on emergency assistance, relief and rehabilitation, development aid and special operations.
- Two-thirds of our work is in conflict-affected countries where people are three times more likely to be undernourished.
- When the emergency subsides, WFP helps communities rebuild shattered lives and livelihoods.
- WFP also focuses on strengthening the resilience of people and communities affected by protracted crises.
- WFP development projects are focused on nutrition, especially for mothers and children, addressing malnutrition.
- Through programmes WFP targets the first 1,000 days from conception to a child’s second birthday, and later through school meals.
- In 2019, WFP provided school meals to more than 17.3 million children in 50 countries.
- In 2019, WFP provided 4,2 million metric tons of food and US$2.1 billion of cash and vouchers.
- By buying food as close as possible to where it is needed, WFP saves time and money on transport costs.
- WFP meets people’s food needs through cash-based transfers that allow the people we serve to choose and shop for their own food locally.
- WFP also provides services including passenger air transportation through the UN Humanitarian Air Service.
- Funded entirely by voluntary donations, WFP raised a record-breaking US$8 billion in 2019.
- Since WFP has no independent source of funds, all donations either in cash or in-kind .
- WFP has more than 17,000 staff worldwide of whom over 90 percent are based in the countries where the agency provides assistance.
- WFP is governed by a 36-member Executive Board.
- WFP partners with more than 1,000 national and international NGOs to provide food assistance and tackle the underlying causes of hunger.
- No society is immune to hunger and malnutrition.
- But conflict, climate shocks, natural disasters or inequality leave many nations perilously exposed to this burden.
- Across the world, 821 million people are going hungry – 124 million acutely so.
At risk are not just the lives and health of millions but also the economic viability of fragile states.
SOURCES:THE HINDU | Nobel Peace Prize 2020 | UPSC