National Mission for Manuscripts (NMM) UPSC

National Mission for Manuscripts (NMM) | UPSC


First five re-printed volumes of Mongolian Kanjur Manuscripts released

      WHY IN NEWS:

All 108 volumes of Mongolian Kanjur expected to be published by 2022 under National Mission for Manuscripts

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Culture
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Art : Manuscripts


For PRELIMS Mongolian Kanjur Manuscripts are important this year . Make a note on this .

For MAINS by far we have not written any answer on India – Mongolia Relations . We will take up this issue in Editorial Hunt very soon .


The Ministry of Culture has taken up the project of reprinting of 108 volumes of Mongolian Kanjur under the National Mission for Manuscripts (NMM).

Mongolian Kanjur Manuscripts

The first set of five volumes of Mongolian Kanjur published under the NMM was presented to the President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind on the occasion of Guru Purnima, also known as Dharma Chakra Day, on 4th July 2020.

In the Mongolian language ‘Kanjur’ means ‘Concise Orders’- the words of Lord Buddha in particular.

  • It is expected that all the 108 volumes of the Mongolian Kanjur will be published by March, 2022.
  • The Mongolian Kanjur is widely respected in Mongolia.”


  • The National Mission for Manuscripts was launched in February 2003 by the Government of India, under the Ministry of Tourism and Culture, with the mandate of documenting, conserving and disseminating the knowledge preserved in the manuscripts.


  • One of the objectives of the mission is to publish rare and unpublished manuscripts so that the knowledge enshrined in them is spread to researchers, scholars and general public at large.
  • Locate manuscripts through national level Survey and Post-Survey

Document each and every manuscript and manuscript repository, for a National Electronic Database .

  • Conserve manuscripts incorporating both modern and indigenous methods .
  • To train the next generation of scholars in various aspects of Manuscript Studies like languages, scripts and critical editing and cataloguing of texts and conservation of manuscripts
  • To promote access to manuscripts by digitizing the rarest and most endangered manuscripts.
  • To facilitate public’s engagement with manuscripts through lectures, seminars, publications and other outreach programmes.


Under this scheme, reprinting of 108 volumes of Mongolian Kanjur has been taken up by the Mission.

  • It is expected that all the volumes will be published by March, 2022.
  • This work is being carried out under the supervision of eminent Scholar Prof. Lokesh Chandra.


Mongolian Kanjur, the Buddhist canonical text in 108 volumes is considered to be the most important religious text in Mongolia.

  • It is held in high esteem by the Mongolian Buddhists and they worship the Kanjur at temples and recite the lines of Kanjur in daily life as a sacred ritual.
  • The Kanjur are kept almost in every monastery in Mongolia.
  • Mongolian Kanjur has been translated from Tibetan.
  • The language of the Kanjur is Classical Mongolian.
  • The Mongolian Kanjur  is a source of providing a cultural identity to Mongolia.


  • Historical interaction between India and Mongolia goes back centuries.
  • Buddhism was carried to Mongolia by Indian cultural and religious ambassadors  during the early Christian era.
  • Buddhists form the single largest religious denomination in Mongolia.
  • India established formal diplomatic relations with Mongolia in 1955.
  • Since then, the overwhelming relationship between both the countries has now reached a new height.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The publication of Mongolian Kanjur by the Government of India for the Government of Mongolia will act as a symbol of cultural symphony between India and Mongolia and will contribute to furtherance of bilateral relations during the coming years.

     SOURCES: PIB | National Mission for Manuscripts (NMM) | UPSC


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