National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign-2021

      HEADLINES:

Union Agriculture Minister Shri Narendra Singh Tomar inaugurates National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign-2021

      WHY IN NEWS:

Agriculture and allied sectors registered a continuous growth in GDP contribution amid pandemic: Shri Narendra Singh Tomar

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Agriculture

      ISSUE: 

National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign-2021

OVERVIEW

  • Union Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare inaugurated ‘The National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign-2021’ on 30th April, 2021.

  • During the conference, discussion was held to review and assess the preparedness for management of Kharif crops and ensuring availability of seeds, pesticides, fertilizers, machinery and their prepositioning at Block levels.

AIM

  • The conference was organized through video conference to interact with the States on challenges & strategies for effective crop management during ensuing Kharif season.

KEYPOINTS

  • The Union Minister appreciated the efforts of farmers for the record production for food grains (303.34 million tonnes), which is over 1.96% higher than the previous year’s output (297.50 Million Tonnes).
  • The pulses and oilseed production are 24.42 & 37.3 million tonnes, respectively.
  • Agriculture and allied sectors registered a continuous growth in GDP contribution.

National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign-2021

SOURCES : National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign

FOCUS

  • Preparedness for drought like situation if it occurs in any district

  • Crop diversification and increasing farmer’s Income
  • Focused strategy for production of oilseeds and pulses
  • Marketing of Rabi crops and procurement at MSP
  • Action plan and advisory/guidelines for agriculture management in the wake of COVID pandemic.

STRATEGY

  • Agro-climatic zone wise planning
  • Cluster approach for crop productivity enhancement
  • Cropping system centric interventions : Focus on Pulse, Oil seeds, Nutri cereals

EXAMPLE
Utilization of rice fallow, rice bunds, intercropping, rainfed areas, summer season

  • Increasing Seed Replacement Ratio and Varietal Replacement
  • Increasing water and nutrient use efficiency
  • Large scale adoption of improved technologies

SUSTAIN PULSES PRODUCTION

  • Intercropping with Oilseeds, Sugarcane, Maize, Cotton
  • Utilization of bunds for Arhar
  • Seed treatment with Rhizobium
  • Fertilizer Application based on Soil Health Card.

Micro-nutrients as per requirement – Molybdenum in particular for nodulation

  • Amelioration with lime in acidic soils.
  • Weed management in Kharif
  • Pest surveillance and integrated pest management (bio-pesticides & pheromone trap etc.).
  • Minor kharif pulses [cowpea, mothbean, horse gram (kulthi)].

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Centre has called upon states to take full benefit of monsoon which has been predicted normal (98% of long period average).
  • In drought prone vulnerable areas contingency plan may be adopted.
  • Agroclimatic zone wise planning, cluster approach, cropping system centric approaches needs to be followed by states.
     SOURCES:   PIB | National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign-2021

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