National Butterfly Campaign 2020 | UPSC
Citizen poll throws up three contenders for national butterfly tag
WHY IN NEWS:
One will join the ranks of Bengal Tiger, Indian Peacock, Indian Lotus, banyan tree and mango as a national symbol.
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Biodiversity : Conservation of Flora and Fauna :
For PRELIMS it is important to go through each and every feature of the top three contenders for National Butterfly .
For MAINS – How far does a campaign impact conservation efforts of a specie ?
NATIONAL BUTTERFLY CAMPAIGN
WHY A NATIONAL BUTTERFLY?
- Butterflies are ambassadors of nature conservation, and they are important biological indicators that reflect the health of our environment.
- Butterfly enthusiasts and nature-lovers from all over the country have gathered as a National Butterfly Campaign Consortium.
- National Butterfly Campaign Consortium will nominate India’s National Butterfly.
- Considering the ecological importance, conservation significance, and growing popularity of butterflies among the general public, it is high time we nominated the National Butterfly.
PREPARATION OF FINAL LIST
Following criteria has been derived for selecting the National Butterfly:
1. The butterfly should have cultural, ecological and conservation significance for the nation as well as internationally.
2. The butterfly should be charismatic.
3. The butterfly should have an inherently attractive biological aspect that is engaging to the public.
4. The butterfly should be easily identified, observed and remembered.
5. The species should not have multiple forms.
6. The butterfly caterpillars should not be harmful or a pest.
7. The butterfly should not be too commonplace.
8. Avoid species which are already designated as a State Butterfly.
- Considering the above criteria, the Consortium arrived at a final list of about 50 butterfly species.
- From these, a scoring system was used in voting by all the Consortium members to shortlist the final three species given below.
TOP THREE CONTENDERS
INDIAN JEZEBEL (DELIAS EUCHARIS)
- A vibrantly patterned flying jewel, whose colour scheme is similar to haldi kumukum.
- It has considerable significance in Indian culture.
- It is widely distributed in India, frequenting gardens and other lightly wooded areas.
ORANGE OAKLEAF (KALLIMA INACHUS)
- The Orange Oakleaf is a large, colorful butterfly with a beautiful deep blue sheen.
- However, its underside superbly resembles a dried leaf.
- It helps to escape predators in the moist forests of central, northern and northeastern India where it occurs.
KRISHNA PEACOCK (PAPILIO KRISHNA)
- One of the most beautiful, large and exceedingly charismatic swallowtail butterflies in the world.
- The species represents the Himalaya, its stronghold, acting as a flagship species for biodiversity and conservation .
- The play of light on the special nanostructures on its hindwings produce the brilliant blue colour patch.
- Its name invokes among Indian people a deep cultural connection.
- In a true democratic manner, Ordinary citizens should drive this effort, which might be a first for India.
- The poll will start on 11th September and conclude on 8th October 2020, at the end of the Wildlife Week.
We request all the aspirants ,
Kindly cast your vote on the poll page given below to choose the National Butterfly.
SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | National Butterfly Campaign 2020 | UPSC