Namami Gange Mission | UPSC
PM inaugurates Six Major Projects in Uttarakhand to make River Ganga Nirmal and Aviral
WHY IN NEWS:
Sewage treatment capacity of Uttarakhand increased 4 times in the last 6 years due to Namami Gange Mission
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 2 : 3 : River : Governance : Policy : Scheme
For PRELIMS go through the new initiatives and remember the ministries associated with this mission .
For MAINS take a note of four pronged strategy . It is important .
NAMAMI GANGE MISSION
- World Bank has approved a five year loan (for the second phase) to the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) or Namami Gange Project .
- Total funds allocated – Rs.3,000 crore to help stem pollution in the Ganga river basin.
- National Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG) was registered as a society on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860.
- It acted as implementation arm of National Ganga River Basin Authority(NGRBA) which was constituted under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act (EPA),1986.
- NGRBA has since been dissolved with effect from the 7th October 2016.
- The Act envisages five tier structure at national, state and district level to take measures for prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution in river Ganga.
- This will ensure continuous adequate flow of water so as to rejuvenate the river Ganga.
- Empowered Task Force (ETF) on river Ganga under chairmanship of Hon’ble Union Minister of Jal Shakti .
- National Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG).
- State Ganga Committees and
- District Ganga Committees in every specified district abutting river Ganga and its tributaries in the states.
- NMCG has a two tier management structure and comprises of Governing Council and Executive Committee.
- Both of them are headed by Director General, NMCG.
- Similar to structure at national level, State Programme Management Groups (SPMGs) acts as implementing arm of State Ganga Committees.
- Thus the newly created structure attempts to bring all stakeholders on one platform to take a holistic approach towards the task of Ganga cleaning and rejuvenation.
- The Director General(DG) of NMCG is a Additional Secretary in Government of India.
AIM AND OBJECTIVE OF NMCG
- This will be achieved by adopting a river basin approach to promote inter-sectoral co-ordination for comprehensive planning and management.
- To maintain minimum ecological flows in the river Ganga with the aim of ensuring water quality and environmentally sustainable development.
Namami Gange Mission | UPSC
GANGA RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT PLAN
- A comprehensive River Basin Management Plan for Ganga is being prepared by the consortium of seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) .
- This will improve the ecological health, with due regard to the issue of competing water uses in the river basin.
The wholesomeness of the river can be grasped in terms of four defining concepts:
- “Aviral Dhara” (Continuous Flow”),
- “Nirmal Dhara”(“Unpolluted Flow”),
- Geologic Entity, and
- Ecological Entity.
- CREATING SEWERAGE TREATMENT CAPACITY : 63 sewerage management projects under implementation in the States of Uttarakhand,Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
- CREATING RIVER-FRONT DEVELOPMENT : 28 River-Front Development projects and 33 Entry level Projects for construction, modernization and renovation of 182 Ghats and 118 crematoria has been initiated
- RIVER SURFACE CLEANING : River Surface cleaning for collection of floating solid waste from the surface of the Ghats and River and its disposal are afoot and pushed into service at 11 locations.
- BIO-DIVERSITY CENTER’S : These centres are at Dehradun, Narora, Allahabad, Varanasi and Barrackpore has been developed for restoration of identified priority species.
- AFFORESTATION : Forestry interventions for Ganga through Wildlife Institute of India; Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute and Centre for Environment Education has been initiated.
- PUBLIC AWARENESS : A series of activities such as events, workshops, seminars and conferences and numerous IEC activities were organized to make a strong pitch for public outreach and community participation in the programme.
- INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENT MONITORING : The number of Grossly Polluting Industries (GPIs) in April, 2019 are 1072.
- GANGA GRAM : Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MoDWS) has initiated this for construction of toilets in 1674 Gram Panchayats of 5 Ganga Basin States.
- Shri Modi highlighted the importance of keeping the River Ganga clean.
- Namami Gange Mission as the largest integrated river conservation mission.
- It not only aims at the cleanliness of River Ganga but also focuses on comprehensive upkeep of the River.
- Prime Minister said this new thinking and approach had made the River Ganga return back to life.
- Old methods lacked public participation and foresight.
The Prime Minister said the government moved forward with a four pronged strategy to achieve its objective.
FOUR PRONGED STRATEGY
- Started laying a network of Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) to prevent the waste water from flowing into the Ganges.
- The STPs were built by keeping in mind the demands for the next 10 – 15 years.
- By making around hundred big towns/cities and five thousand villages along the River Ganga Open Defecation Free (ODF).
- By making an all-out effort to stop the pollution in the tributaries of River Ganga.