NAG MISSILE UPSC

NAG Missile | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Final User Trial of NAG Missile

      WHY IN NEWS:

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh congratulated DRDO and Indian Army for the successful trial of NAG Missile.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Defence
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Defence  : Missiles

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through factual data like range , class , variants etc.

      ISSUE: 

NAG MISSILE

  • The Nag missile also called “Prospina” for the land-attack version, is an Indian third-generation missile.

It is all-weather, fire-and-forget, lock-on after launch, anti-tank guided missile (ATGM).

  • It has a single-shot hit probability of 90% and a ten-year, maintenance-free shelf life.

THE NAG HAS FIVE VARIANTS UNDER DEVELOPMENT

  • A land version, for a mast-mounted system
  • The helicopter-launched Nag (HELINA)
  • A “man-portable” version (MPATGM)
  • An air-launched version 
  • Nag Missile Carrier (NAMICA) 

DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Development of the Nag is part of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).
  • IGMDP is run by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

It is manufactured by Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL).

  • India’s Ministry of Defence (MoD) announced on 19 July 2019 that the missile was ready for production.

RANGE

  • Nag Missiles have an operational range of 500 m to 20 km.

FIRST LAUNCH

  • Final user trial of 3rd generation Anti Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) NAG was carried out today on 22 Oct 2020 at 0645 hrs from Pokhran range.
  • The missile was integrated with the actual warhead and a tank target was kept at designated range.

This was launched from NAG Missile Carrier NAMICA.

  • The missile hit the target accurately defeating the armour.
  • ATGM NAG has been developed by DRDO to engage highly fortified enemy tanks in day and night conditions.

FEATURES

  • The missile has “Fire & Forget” “Top Attack” capabilities with passive homing guidance to defeat all MBTs equipped with composite and reactive armour.
  • The NAG missile carrier NAMICA is a BMP II based system with amphibious capability.
  • With this final user trial, NAG will enter into production phase.

PLATFORMS

  • The Nag missile’s only operational launch platform is the purpose-built NAMICA missile carrier
  •  A number of other variants were in various stages of development and testing.

NAMICA

NAG Missile _ UPSC

  • The NAMICA (Nag Missile Carrier) is a stretched, license-built BMP-2 with additional wheels, nicknamed “Sarath” in India.
  • It is classified as a tank destroyer.

It is loaded with:

  • An Electro-optical system
  • A thermal imager (TI)
  • A laser rangefinder (LRF) for target acquisition.

MANUFACTURE

NAMICA-“tank buster”, which is a modified BMP-2 Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) produced under license in India by Ordinance Factory Medak (OFMK).

FEATURES

  • The NAMICA carries a total of twelve missiles, with eight in ready-to-fire mode and four in storage.
  • The carrier weights 14.5 tonnes in full combat load and is capable of moving 7 km/h in water.
  • The carrier was put through transportation trials, covering 155 km during 2008 summer trials.

It has various modes of firing, including top attack and indirect attack mode.

  •  It has a lock-on-before-launch system, where the target is identified and designated before the launch.
  • The range of attack is limited due to its targeting system being based on visual identification.

EQUIPMENTS

  • It has a compact auxiliary power unit (APU) for silent watch operation

A fire detection and suppression system (FDSS)

  • Chemical protection system (NBCPS).

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

BACKGROUND

  • Development of the Nag missile began in 1988 under A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.
  • The first tests were conducted in November 1990.

Development was delayed for several years because of issues with the IIR-based guidance system.

  • The Nag missile underwent successful tests in September 1997 and January 2000.
  • The DRDO and the Indian Army planned to conduct user trials shortly thereafter.
  • These would be the final trials to decide whether the system would go into production.
  • The NAMICA successfully completed amphibious trials in the Indira Gandhi Canal at Rajasthan on 8 August 2008.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | NAG Missile | UPSC

 

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