Monsoon Session Gist 2021 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

The Monsoon Session, 2021 of Parliament which commenced on Monday, 19th July, 2021 has been adjourned sine die on Wednesday, the 11th of August, 202 The Session provided 17 sittings spread over a period of 24 days.

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 :Parliament

      ISSUE: 

MONSOON SESSION GIST 2021

  • The Session, which was originally scheduled to have 19 sittings from 19th July till 13 August, 2021, was curtailed due to continuous disruptions in both the Houses and completion of essential government business.

  • These bill were then transmitted to Rajya Sabha and are deemed to have been passed under Article 109(5). 

Four Bills replacing the Ordinances, namely,

  • The Tribunals Reforms (Rationalisation and Conditions of Service) Ordinance, 2021
  • The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2021
  • The Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Ordinance, 2021 and
  • The Essential Defence Services Ordinance, 2021 which were promulgated by the President before Monsoon Session, were considered and passed by the Houses.

Some important Bills, passed by Houses of Parliament are as under :-

ECONOMIC SECTOR/EASE OF DOING BUSINESS MEASURES

  • The Taxation Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2021 provide that no tax demand shall be raised in future on the basis of the said retrospective amendment for any indirect transfer of Indian assets if the transaction was undertaken before 28th May, 2012.
  • The General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Amendment Bill, 2021 provides for greater private participation in the public sector insurance companies and to enhance insurance penetration and social protection and better secure the interests of policy holders and contribute to faster growth of the economy.
  • The Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (Amendment) Bill, 2021 enables easy and time-bound access by depositors to their own money, even when there are restrictions on banks.
  • The Limited Liability Partnership (Amendment) Bill, 2021  converts certain offences into civil defaults and changes the nature of punishment for these offences.

  • The Factoring Regulation (Amendment) Bill, 2021 seeks to help micro, small and medium enterprises significantly, by providing added avenues for getting credit facility, especially through Trade Receivables Discounting System.

TRANSPORT SECTOR REFORMS

  • The Marine Aids to Navigation Bill, 2021 provides for the development, maintenance and management of aids to navigation in India; for training and certification of operator of aids to navigation, development of its historical, educational and cultural value; to ensure compliance with the obligation under the maritime treaties and international instruments to which India is a party.
  • The Inland Vessels Bill, 2021 promotes economical and safe transportation and trade through inland waters.

  • The Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India (Amendment) Bill, 2021 proposes to amend the definition of “major airport” so as extend its scope to determine the tariff for a group of airports also, which will encourage development of smaller airports.

EDUCATIONAL REFORMS

  • The National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management Bill, 2021 declares certain institutions of Food Technology, Entrepreneurship and Management to be the institutions of national importance and to provide for instructions and research in food technology, entrepreneurship and management.
  • The Central Universities (Amendment) Bill, 2021 seeks to amend the Central Universities Act, 2009 inter alia to provide for the establishment of a University in the name of “Sindhu Central University” in the Union territory of Ladakh.

SOCIAL JUSTICE REFORMS

  • The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Seventh Amendment) Bill, 2021 seeks to adequately clarify that the State Government and Union territories are empowered to prepare and maintain their own State List/ Union territory List of socially and educationally backward classes.
  • The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2021 provides that instead of the court, the district magistrate (including additional district magistrate) will issue such adoption orders.

  • The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Amendment) Bill, 2021 to modify the list of Scheduled Tribes in relation to the State of Arunachal Pradesh.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • In the Rajya Sabha, two Short Duration Discussions under Rule 176 were held on “the management of COVID-19 pandemic, implementation of vaccination policy and challenges of the likely third wave” and on “the agricultural problems and solutions” (remained inconclusive).
  • Further, One Bill namely “The Tribunals Reforms (Rationalisation and Conditions of Service) Bill, 2021” and one old pending Bill namely “The Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Amendment Bill, 2012” were withdrawn in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha respectively.
     SOURCES:   PIB  | Monsoon Session Gist 2021 | UPSC

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