IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 19th Nov 2020
“Happiness cannot be traveled to, owned, earned, or worn. It is the spiritual experience of living every minute with love, grace & gratitude.” – Denis Waitley
EDITORIAL HUNT #250 :“Minimum government and Maximum governance | UPSC”
Minimum government and Maximum governance | UPSC
Rohit Azad teaches at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
The need for ‘maximum government’
The current crisis has provided us with an opportunity to rethink our health, economic and climate policies
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : 3 : Governance : Economy
This crisis has provided us with an opportunity to rethink our health, economic and climate policies. We can choose to act on these or walk down the beaten path. Discuss -(GS 2,3)
- Self Reliance in Manufacturing
- Role of Good Governance
- Fiscal Stimulus and Indian Economy
SOURCES : MINISTRY OF FINANCE
- JOBLESS GROWTH : In the new set of relief measures announced by the Finance Minister, job creation has moved to the forefront.
- FISCAL RESPONSIBILITIES : Fiscal measures even in harsh economic conditions, created to a great extent by its own lack of governance during the COVID-induced lockdown.
- DUAL CRISIS AT DOORSTEPS : Indians got both a COVID-19-induced health crisis and, in an attempt to control it, a severe economic crisis.
THE BALL IS IN THE PEOPLE’S COURT
- LIVING STANDARDS : The UN defines a best practice as successful initiatives towards improving people‟s standard of life.
- ATMANIRBHAR BHARAT : Atmanirbhar 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 — seems to be saying to the people and businesses is: ‘if you do this, we will award you with this and this’.
- EFFECTIVE PARTNERSHIP : A best practice originates as a result of effective partnership between public and private entities and is socially and culturally self-sufficient.
- SERVICE QUALITY : Governments all around the world are striving to deliver high-quality services with the help of already established best practices in both public and private sectors.
- EASE OF DOING BUSINESS : The States initiatives for improving ‘Ease of Doing Business’ should involve both first time and small entrepreneurs.
- ANNUAL SURVEY OF INDUSTRIES DATA : Analysis of production data shows that in 2017-18, value addition for surveyed firms ranged from 1.6% to 17.4%, with most of the firms being below 10%.
- IMPORTED INPUTS : For the majority of the surveyed firms, more than 85% of the inputs were imported.
FOCUS ON VALUE OF PRODUCTION
- DIFFERENT LAYERS : These thresholds vary for foreign and domestic mobile firms.
- FOCUS : Thus, focus remains on increasing value of domestic production, and not local value addition.
FOCUS ON DIGITAL EMPOWERMENT AND E-GOVERNANCE
- In order to accomplish e government initiatives, there must be a phased approach applied to the infrastructure development.
- Presence on Web
- Interaction between Citizen and Government
- Complete Transaction over Web Integration of Services
PILLARS OF INTEGRATION
- Constant focus on improvement in quality, costs and delivery of the e -government services.
- Increased and effective use of technology.
- Greater flexibility and Less hierarchical organization.
- Promoting continuous learning, teamwork, participation and flexibility.
- MONETISING THE DEFICIT : FRBM should be kept in abeyance, both for the Centre and the States, and the state should inject a fiscal stimulus of at least ₹10 lakh crore and borrow to finance it .
- ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES : This stimulus could comprise, among other things, free ration and other essentials like oil, soap and cooking gas for a period of six months.
- MINIMUM CASH TRANSFER : Cash transfer till employment opportunities are back and an urban employment guarantee law.
- CREATING A ENERGY MIX : Such deal will not only changes the energy mix of the economy but also makes the poor and the marginalised a part of a sustainable development process.
“Ideally, government should collect taxes like honeybee, which sucks just the right amount of honey from the flower so that both can survive” . -ARTHASHASTRA.
SOURCES: THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | Minimum government and Maximum governance | UPSC