IASbhai Editorial Hunt

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it.– Henry Ford

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020.

EDITORIAL 53:“Bihar’s dystopian moments and a looming crisis

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL/EDITORIALS FOR UPSC CSE MAINS 2020

 

Yashwant Sinha

  Atul K. Thakur

Yashwant Sinha is India’s former Minister of Finance (1998-2002) and Minister of External Affairs (2002-2004).

Atul K. Thakur is a Delhi-based policy professional and columnist

 

      HEADLINES:

Bihar’s dystopian moments and a looming crisis

      CENTRAL THEME:

With the global and national order in reset mode, it is no longer an option for the State to ignore its chronic issues

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1:Migration

      MAINS QUESTION:

Industrial backwardness , unemplyment and migration are still prominent in Bihar. Discuss -(GS 1)

      LEARNING: 

As the global and national order is in a phase of reset, it is no longer an option for Bihar to ignore chronic issues such as industrial backwardness, unemployment and outbound migration.

      INTRODUCTION: 

India’s federal system is badly challenged today with partisan Governors, misplaced policies and languishing financial assistance.
  • Should the government of Bihar get the benefit of doubt or should it, along with its political partner, the Central government, not be held solely responsible for its poor performance today? The Centre’s much-touted spirit of ‘cooperative federalism’ has been nothing more than a hollow promise.
  • There is a glaring gap between stark ground realities and propaganda.
  • States, including Bihar, have been in the throes of financial stress from before; the novel coronavirus outbreak and the national lockdown have further weakened their fiscal position.

      BODY: 

THE FORGOTTEN PEOPLE

  • With the global pandemic and national lockdown causing unprecedented loss to lives and livelihoods, Bihar’s vulnerabilities have come full circle.
  • The State government has failed to ensure proper equipment and health-care facilities to the people.
  • It has also dealt with migrants with disdain.(the feeling that someone or something is unworthy of one’s consideration or respect.)
  • A large number of Bihari migrants in Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of the country were left stranded when the lockdown took effect.
  • Some of them tried their best to stay wherever they were, but finally gave up as they had no money or food to survive.
  • The heart-rending visuals of the poor and helpless migrants desperately walking from Delhi/National Capital Region back to Bihar reflect the hollowness of the State’s approach to tackling a disastrous disease and the consequent lockdown.
  • Also, some recent developments show that the government adopted a selective approach in disaster management.
  • In Gaya and other parts of Bihar, children were seen eating roasted frogs.
  • Reportedly, India has too little with lack of insight in disaster management in a trying time such as this.

FLOUNDERING HEALTH CARE

  • In Bihar, public health was the next thing after education that became corrupted and collapsed.
  • Opening of new hospitals including an All India Institute of Medical Sciences and few others were hardly beneficial for the poor living in rural areas since they do not have the means to avail them.
  • Unlike the highly publicised claims of district and block levels are in pathetic shape.
  • As per National Health Profile 2019 of Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI), there are 7,13,986 total government hospital beds available in India.
  • More precisely, this amounts to 0.55 beds per 1,000 population.
Many States even lie below the national figure, Bihar is one of them, experiencing an acute shortage of government hospital beds with just 0.11 beds available per 1,000 population.
  • This is something alarming in a State that was once known for its socialistic leanings.
  • The odd match-making of allies in the ruling government is not creating room for the resolve to help people.
  • Irrespective of the fact that Bihar has now a new grammar of politics, the State government has failed to give due weightage to the health sector.
  • Also, he should not be wary in seeking the views of the Opposition’s views in terms of crisis management and a plan to rebuild.

      IASbhai Windup: 

  • As the global and national order is in a phase of reset, it is no longer an option for Bihar to ignore chronic issues such as industrial backwardness, unemployment and outbound migration.
  • The state of affairs in Bihar is worrisome; accordingly, policies and plans have to be prioritised.
  • Politics in the State should not defeat the aspirations of millions of Biharis who have already suffered too much.
  • For sure, the land of Bihar should never be known as the ‘imaginary homeland’ for its people who are now home-bound as the cities which they contributed to build have failed them.
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