IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 18th Jan

“The whole secret of a successful life is to find out what is one’s destiny to do, and then do it.” —Henry Ford

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020-21.

EDITORIAL HUNT #319 :“Martin Luther King and his Contribution | UPSC 

 Martin Luther King and his Contribution | UPSC

Varaprasad S. Dolla
Martin Luther King and his Contribution | UPSC

Varaprasad S. Dolla is Professor in Chinese Studies, School of International Studies, JNU.

      HEADLINES:

Bridging the gulf between dream and reality

      CENTRAL THEME:

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s ideas and his movement have enduring appeal, including in India

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : History : Society

      MAINS QUESTION:

“When will you be satisfied?” And he answered it saying, “We can never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their selfhood and robbed of their dignity.” Discuss the contributions of Martin Luther King in West Societies and impact on India. -(GS 1)

      LEARNING: 

  • Why we remember visionary leaders ?
  • Martin Luther’s Dream
  • The civil rights movement
  • Way Forward

      INTRODUCTION: 

Martin Luther King Jr. Day is celebrated on the third Monday of every January.

  • REMEMBERING VISIONARY LEADERS : Celebrating the lives of visionary leaders who left an indelible imprint on thought and action not only refreshes our memories of their transformative impact but also rekindles hope.

Among those who influenced American society and inspired many across the world in the 20th century, Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. stands out 
 

  • BLACK LIVES MATTER OLDER VERSION : Reflecting on the legacy that Dr. King left in setting the U.S. on the path to a more inclusive society and polity assumes significance in the context of persisting racism leading to the death of innocent African-Americans.
  • GLOBAL APPEAL : As Americans celebrate his life in the U.S., it is befitting to reflect on his lasting legacy in India too, focusing particularly on the ideas he articulated and the movement he led, which have enduring and universal appeal.

      BODY: 

DR. KING’S DREAM

  • INCLUSION : If there is one idea that captures the essence of Dr. King’s contribution, it is his dream of an inclusive America.
  • DREAM TURNING REALITY : Though the election of Barack Obama as the first African-American President in 2008 was a major stride towards the fulfilment of this dream, Dr. King’s dream was much more grandiose in its breadth and scope.

He expanded the horizons of the dream both in its conceptualisation and actualisation in the 1950s and 1960s.

  • VISION : In his 1963 oration at the Lincoln Memorial, Dr. King eloquently unpacked his vision for an inclusive and equitable America, which is famously remembered as the “I have a dream” speech.
  • AGAINST SLAVERY : Acknowledging the contribution of President Abraham Lincoln who signed the Emancipation Proclamation that set the African-Americans free from slavery.

His speeches underscored that “the life of the coloured American is still sadly crippled by the manacle of segregation and the chains of discrimination”.

  • RACIAL INJUSTICE : Given persisting racial injustice even after a hundred years since 1863, he gave a clarion call saying: “Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood.”

Martin Luther King and his Contribution | UPSC

  • INFLUENCED BY : The Gandhian method of nonviolence burst forth beautifully when he cautioned his community not to “satisfy the thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.”
  • IDEOLOGY : He believed in: “It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed… that all men are created equal.”

THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT

  • SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTIONS : Dr. King’s contribution to the Civil Rights Movement was remarkable. There have been many African-American leaders who have propagated the message of freedom and dignity since the mid-19th century.
  • ADDING PURPOSE : Among them, Dr. King was unique; he changed the very architecture of the movement. He added flesh to these insightful ideas by leading a relentless and nonviolent movement.

The movement adapted ideas from India’s forays into civil disobedience.

  • MASS PROTEST : The 381-day Montgomery bus boycott demonstrated the potential for nonviolent mass protest and galvanised the Civil Rights Movement.

TIRELESS WORK
He tirelessly worked with Rosa Parks, E. D. Nixon, Jo Ann Robinson, Ralph Abernathy, Ella Baker, John Lewis, Andrew Young, Jesse Jackson and C.T. Vivian and many others.

  • UNIFYING FACTOR : Right through the movement, Dr. King strived to be the conscience and unifier of a nation that was deeply divided on racial lines.
  • BRIDGING THE GAP : He bridged the gulf between the dream and reality. Dr. King’s major contribution to the U.S. in general is in invigorating the benchmarks of equality, justice and dignity.
  • IMPACT : The power of these illuminating ideas and the tenacious movement eventually resulted in a number of path-breaking laws such as Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965.

This ended several vestiges of racial discrimination and led to the empowerment of African-Americans like never before.

  • AWARD : In the process of realising this glorious dream he was jailed almost 30 times, his house was bombed, he was stabbed once, and finally assassinated.
  • BETTER AND INCLUSIVE AMERICA : He sacrificed his life for the dream of a better and inclusive America. Both in life and death, he was a beacon of hope for America.

      IASbhai Windup: 

  • May India, where there are continuing atrocities on the Dalit, tribal and minority communities due to a hierarchical social structure, as well as the marginalised communities across the world, draw inspiration from Dr. King.

Thus we all can strive for a more inclusive, just and equal society.

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | Martin Luther King and his Contribution | UPSC 

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.

1 Shares:
You May Also Like