Longitudinal Ageing Study of India (LASI) Report 2021 | UPSC

Longitudinal Ageing Study of India (LASI) Report 2021 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Dr. Harsh Vardhan releases Longitudinal Ageing Study of India (LASI) Wave-1,India Report

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Reports

      ISSUE: 

Almost 50% of people aged 45 years and above have abnormal lung function.One in every 12 elderly person in the country have had depression.

LONGITUDINAL AGEING STUDY OF INDIA (LASI)

OVERVIEW

​​​​​​​“Longitudinal Ageing Study of India (LASI) will provide evidence base for national and state level programmes and policies for elderly population” 
  • A unique feature of LASI is the coverage of comprehensive biomarkers.
  • No other survey in India collects detailed data on health and biomarkers together with information on family and social network, income, assets, and consumption.
  • LASI is a full–scale national survey of scientific investigation of the health, economic, and social determinants and consequences of population ageing in India.

PUBLISHERS

The National Programme for Health Care of Elderly, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has undertaken the Longitudinal Ageing Study of India

MOHFW inititative is supported by:

  • International Institute for Population Sciences, (IIPS), Mumbai
  • Harvard School of Public Health, University of Southern California,USA,GHS.
  • United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and National Institute on Ageing.

PARTICIPANTS

  • The LASI, Wave 1 covered a baseline sample of 72,250 individuals aged 45 and above and their spouses including 31,464 elderly persons aged 60 and above and 6,749 oldest-old persons aged 75 and above .
  • The report covers all States and Union Territories (UTs) of India (excluding Sikkim).

REPORT ANALYSIS

POPULATION

In 2011 census, the 60+ population accounted for 8.6% of India’s population, accounting for 103 million elderly people
 

  • Growing at around 3% annually, the number of elderly age population will rise to 319 million in 2050.

CHRONIC DISEASES

75% of the elderly people suffer from one or the other chronic disease

  • Nine per cent reported the presence of obstructive airways diseases such as asthma/COPD; this was somewhat more prevalent in rural areas than in urban areas.

Longitudinal Ageing Study of India (LASI) Report 2021 | UPSC

MENTAL HEALTH

  • 40% of the elderly people have one or the other disability and 20% have issues related to mental health.
  • More elderly women (9 per cent) have prevalence of probable major depression than men (7 per cent).
  • Also, the figure is higher among rural residents (9 per cent) than their urban counterparts (6 per cent).
  • The report also says that 10 per cent of the elderly population who live alone suffer from depression.

The study shows 3 per cent of all the elderly have some form of mental impairment

  • Over a tenth of the elderly population have probable major depression in Madhya Pradesh (17 per cent), Uttar Pradesh (14 per cent), Delhi (11 per cent), Bihar (10 per cent), and Goa (10 per cent).
  • It estimated that 8.3 per cent of the country’s elderly population have probable major depression.

PHYSICAL WELLBEING

  • Among the older adults above the age of 45 years, over 60% were hospitalised at a private facility in the 12 months prior to the survey.
  • The mean out-of-pocket expenditure in private health facility among the elderly is Rs 31,933 compared to Rs 71,232 among those aged 45 to 59.

The highest mean out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure is reported in the state of Arunachal Pradesh (Rs 10,368)
.

  • Around 6 per cent of the country’s elderly population live on their own while 5.2 per cent have said they have faced ill treatment at home in the one year preceding the survey.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE REPORT

  • It is India’s first and the world’s largest ever survey that provides a longitudinal database for designing policies and programmes for the older population in the broad domains of social, health, and economic well-being.
  • The evidence from LASI will be used to further strengthen and broaden the scope of National Programme for Health Care of the Elderly.
  • It will also help in establishing a range of preventive and health care programmes for older population and most vulnerable among them.

FEATURES OF THE REPORT

  • The LASI has embraced state-of-the-art large-scale survey protocols and field implementation strategies including representative sample of India and its States and socioeconomic spectrum.

The report encompasses an expansive topical focus, a longitudinal design, and the use of Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing(CAPI) technology for data collection, quality control, and Geographic Information System (GIS)

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • No other survey in India collects detailed data on health and biomarkers together with information on family and social network, income, assets, and consumption.
  • India has one of the ambitious programme of the world, Ayushman Bharat Yojana which focuses on expansion of the healthcare facilities.
     SOURCES:   IE  PIB  DownToEarth | Longitudinal Ageing Study of India (LASI) Report 2021 | UPSC

 

DISCOVER MORE : REPORTS

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