Living Planet Report 2020 | UPSC

Living Planet Report 2020 | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Land use change major cause behind biodiversity loss, finds WWF report

      WHY IN NEWS:

Asia Pacific region lost 45% of its vertebrate population in four-and-half decades, while the global average was 68%

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Reports

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through the key facts and remember the publishers !

For MAINS we have mentioned a brief analysis of the report . Let us dive in !

      ISSUE: 

The 2020 global Living Planet Index shows an average 68% decrease in monitored vertebrate species populations

LIVING PLANET REPORT 2020

TITLE

Living Planet Report 2020 – Bending the curve of biodiversity loss.

PUBLISHED BY

World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and Zoological Society of London.

TIMELINE

The biennial report, prepared jointly by  based on the global dataset analysed between 1970 and 2016.

KEY POINTS

  • The global Living Planet Index continues to decline
  • Serious declines in species population trends are a measure of overall ecosystem health, and our planet is flashing red warning signs

The 2020 global Living Planet Index shows an average 68% fall in monitored vertebrate species populations between 1970 and 2016.

  • The 94% decline in the LPI for the tropical subregions of the Americas is the largest fall observed in any region

ANALYSIS OF THE REPORT

OUR WORLD IN 2020

  •  Humans are now overusing the Earth’s biocapacity by at least 56%.

 Land-use change due to where and how we produce food, is one of the biggest threats humans pose to biodiversity. 

  • Our ocean is also in hot water, with overfishing, pollution, coastal development and climate change causing a growing spectrum of adverse effects across marine ecosystems.

PEOPLE AND NATURE

  • Urgent action is needed to address the loss of the biodiversity that feeds the world.

There is a fundamental mismatch between artificial ‘economic grammar’ and ‘nature’s syntax’ which determines how the real world operates. 

  • It is now becoming ever clearer that biodiversity is a non-negotiable and strategic investment to preserve our health, wealth and security.

ROAD MAP FOR FUTURE

  • The Bending the Curve Initiative has provided ‘proof of concept’ that we can halt, and reverse, the loss of nature while feeding a growing population.
  • It will require truly transformational change in the way we produce and consume food and in how we sustainably manage and conserve nature.

VERTEBRATES SHRINKING FAST IN INDIA

  • India has lost 12 per cent of its wild mammals, 19 per cent amphibians and 3 per cent birds over last five decades.
  • Out of about 1.02 lakh animal species, as found in India till December 2019, about 6,800 are vertebrates.

Among these, nearly 550 fall in critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable categories.

  • The scientist pointed out that the vertebrate population has been declining at a rate of about 60 per cent in India.

ABOUT WWF

  • WWF is an independent conservation organization, with over 30 million followers and a global network active in nearly 100 countries.
  • The mission is to stop the degradation of the planet‘s natural environment and to build a future in which people live in harmony with nature.

ZSL

  • ZSL (Zoological Society of London) is an international conservation charity working to create a world where wildlife thrives.
  • They investigate the health threats facing animals to helping people and wildlife live alongside each other, ZSL is committed to bringing wildlife back from the brink of extinction.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • India has 2.4 per cent global land share, about eight per cent global biodiversity.
  • Also around 16 per cent global population; there is little doubt that there is enormous human footprint, which in turn is affecting the biodiversity.

CAN THINGS CHANGE?

  • 2020 was billed as a ‘super year’ of climate, biodiversity and sustainable development meetings.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has provided a stark reminder of how nature and humans are intertwined.
  • Until now, decades of words and warnings have not changed modern human society’s business-as-usual trajectory.
  • Yet in times of rapid upheaval and disruption new ideas, creativity, processes and opportunities for transformation can arise.
  • The future is always uncertain but perhaps the COVID-19 pandemic will spur us on to embrace this unexpected opportunity and revolutionise how we take care of our home.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Living Planet Report 2020 | UPSC

DISCOVER MORE : REPORTS

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