IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 31st May

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2021.

EDITORIAL HUNT #326 :“Lakshadweep Reform Waves | UPSC

Lakshadweep Reform Waves | UPSC

Wajahat Habibullah
Lakshadweep Reform Waves

Wajahat Habibullah, a former IAS officer, was India’s first Chief Information Commissioner, and thereafter Chair, National Commission for Minorities

      HEADLINES:

A ‘reform wave’ Lakshadweep could do without

      CENTRAL THEME:

Though there is room for improvement, the archipelago does not need the measures announced by its administrator

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Union Territory

      MAINS QUESTION:

Lakshadweep draft legislations will have a wide-ranging impact on the islands which is formulated on Maldivian Model . Discuss -(GS 2)

      LEARNING: 

  • Lakshadweep Reform Wave
  • The IDA framework
  • Maldivian Model

      INTRODUCTION: 

LAKSHADWEEP REFORM WAVES

Lakshadweep, in December last year has introduced a slew of draft legislation that will have a wide-ranging impact on the islands:

  • The Lakshadweep Animal Preservation Regulation, 2021;
  • The Prevention of Anti-Social Activities Regulation (PASA);
  • The Lakshadweep Panchayat Regulation, 2021 and
  • Lakshadweep Development Authority Regulation 2021.

      BODY: 

THE IDA FRAMEWORK

  • FRAMEWORK : A specially constituted Island Development Authority (IDA) for the island territories of India, chaired by no less than the former Prime Minister, Rajiv Gandhi, had, in Kavaratti in 1988, approved a framework for the development of India’s island territories.
  • RESOURCE UTILISATION : It held the view that “an environmentally sound strategy for both island groups hinges on better exploitation of marine resources coupled with much greater care in the use of land resources”.

  • OCCUPATION : Fishery is a primary occupation here. The language, except in Minicoy, is Malayalam; in Minicoy, Mahl is spoken, a language akin to the 17th century Divehi of the Maldives.

LAKSHADWEEP TODAY

  • RAINWATER HARVESTING : Lakshadweep today has rainwater harvesting facilities, first introduced in government buildings on every island and now accessible in every home.
  • SOLAR POWER : Solar power, which covers 10% of lighting needs, makes Lakshadweep a pioneer in India’s present flagship initiative.
  • LITERACY : The islands boast total literacy. Minicoy had among the country’s first Navodaya Vidyalayas.

  • WIND POWER : Kavaratti has a desalination wind-powered plant gifted by the Danish government.
  • CALORIE CONSUMPTION : Lakshadweep today has no poor people; they have a high calorific consumption from plentiful foods harvested from the lagoons and islands.
  • ROOM FOR IMPROVEMENT : Today, long lines and refrigeration have aided the expansion of the fishing sector but income disparities have grown.
  • BOTTOM TRAWLERS : Indiscriminate trawling endangers the coral, as experienced in the Maldives and now banned there.
  • ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD : Maldives is hardly a suitable model. Water bungalows — an expensive concept and also hazardous to the coral — favoured by the NITI Aayog, would collapse in Lakshadweep’s turbulent monsoon.

      IASbhai Windup: 

A ‘NO’ TO THE MALDIVES MODEL

  • DELIBERATIONS OF THE IDA : Deliberations of the IDA wanted that Lakshadweep, with its land ownership constitutionally protected, be opened to international tourism not as a means of generating wealth for investors from the mainland but to bring prosperity to the islanders.

  • MALDIVES MODEL : Specifically rejecting the Maldives model, the plan for Lakshadweep required that the industry had to be people-centric and enrich the fragile coral ecology.
       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | Lakshadweep Reform Waves | UPSC

 

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.

0 Shares:
You May Also Like
Revitalizing Indian Economy Post -Covid Era | UPSC
Read More

Revitalizing Indian Economy Post -Covid Era | UPSC

How has the ground situation changed for industry since March when the lockdown was imposed? Manufacturing sector have made it to the doldrums of passing festive season.  Examine the scope of positive demand-supply chain post Covid-19 ?  -(GS 3)