Kisan Rail _ UPSC

Kisan Rail | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Inaugural run of South India’s 1st and country’s 2nd Kisan Rail between Anantapur and New Delhi flagged off

      WHY IN NEWS:

Kisan Rail will help in strengthening the agricultural economy – Shri Narendra Singh Tomar

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Agriculture

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS just remember these routes like National Waterways ! Do not forget the fruit bowl of South India .

For MAINS find ways these trains can benefit more than ever especially vulnerable people living in extreme corners of India . Do you think special passes should be provided to farmers on these trains ?

      ISSUE: 

During the Covid situation, transportation of this horticultural produce to North India had become difficult.

KISAN RAIL

  • Horticultural produce of Andhra Pradesh will now be able to reach other areas in the country easily.

Kisan Rail will help in the speedy transportation of farm produce to distant places.

  • Kisan Rail and Kisan Udaan had been announced in this year’s budget so that farm produce is able to be transported all over the country in less time.

FIRST KISAN RAIL

  • On 7th August, the first Kisan Rail was flagged off between Devlali in Maharashtra and Danapur in Bihar as a weekly service.
  • Later  the service was made bi-weekly due to increasing demand.
  • Now the 2nd Kisan Rail will benefit farmers of the states coming en route.

ROUTE

  • State’s popular fruits will now be able to reach other areas in the country easily.

The Kisan train will run between Anantapur in Guntakal Division of South Central Railway and Adarsh Nagar in Delhi.

  • South India’s 1st Kisan Rail train service between Anantapur – New Delhi will cover a distance of 2150 kms in 40 hours.
  • The rake is loaded with 14 parcel vans – 04 vans load meant for Nagpur and another 10 Vans load for Adarsh Nagar – totalling 332 tonnes.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • Efforts have been made in every budget to make provisions for strengthening the agricultural economy and doubling of farmers’ income, which are now beginning to bear fruit.
  • Implementation of the new agriculture ordinances and the Rs 1 lakh crore Agri Infrastructure Fund in Andhra Pradesh has been laid out for Kisan Rail.

AP has 1st rank in the country in the production of tomatoes, coconut, papaya and chillies and is the biggest fruit producing state in South India.

  • Farmers can now sell their produce wherever they get better price without spoilage due to reduction in transportation time.
  • This facility will also help in increasing agricultural exports.

ANANTAPUR – NEW DELHI KISAN RAIL

  • Introduction of Kisan Rail is conceptualized to provide priority to the farming sector and facilitate transportation of perishable agricultural products to various market places across the country.

Anantapur is fast becoming the Fruit Bowl of Andhra Pradesh

  • More than 80% of the 58 lakh MT of fruits & vegetables in the district is marketed out of the state, particularly to the north Indian States of Delhi, UP, Punjab and Haryana among others.
  • Earlier this was being transported by roadways.
  • Starting a Kisan Rail will be particularly helpful in benefitting the small farmers and traders in marketing their product across the country in a safe, economical and speedy manner.

FEATURES

  • Aggressive marketing is being done with local farmers, loaders, Agriculture Produce Market Committee (APMC) and individuals.

Any farmer or any other interested party can directly book their consignments in trains. 

  • There is no lower limit on the size of consignment.
  • The consignment can be as small as 50-100 kgs, and can be booked from any stopping station to any other stopping station – giving full flexibility.
  • Regarding loss/damage of products for any reason, Railways already have a well-established claim/compensation system – through which the party can get compensation for its losses.
  • The inaugural Kisan Rail is loaded with tomato, bananas, sweet orange, papaya, muskmelons and mangoes.
  • It caters to the requirements of small farmers and traders for transportation of their perishable produces such as fruits and vegetables.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Anantapur fruits and vegetables are being grown in more than 2 lakh ha area, and the Kisan Rail will prove very beneficial to farmers of this region.

It will take less time and cost in comparison of road transport ensuring less damage to the farm produce while transportation.

  • Kisan Udaan service will also be started soon.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Kisan Rail | UPSC

DISCOVER MORE : GS-3

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