Kargil Vijay Diwas | UPSC
Kargil Vijay Diwas Celebrations at Pune
WHY IN NEWS:
Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh pays homage to fallen heroes at National War Memorial on 21st anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Post-Independence : History
For PRELIMS look out for Operations : Operation Vijay ; Operation Badri .
For MAINS this issue is not important . But yes you have to keep an eye on timeline .
The Kargil war was fought for more than 60 days, ended on 26 July and resulted in loss of life on both the sides.
- The war ended with India regaining control of all the previously held territory.
- Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 26 July every year in honour of the Kargil War’s Heroes.
- Prime Minister of India pays homage to the soldiers at Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate every year.
- Functions are also organized all over the country to commemorate the contributions of the armed forces.
- The Kargil War or as referred – Operation Vijay was fought at an altitude of approximately 16,000 feet.
- 1,042 Pakistani soldiers lost their lives and 527 Indian soldiers were martyred.
In an attempt to defuse the situation, both countries signed the Lahore Declaration in February 1999.
- This promised to provide a peaceful and bilateral solution to the Kashmir conflict.
- During the winter of 1998–1999, Pakistani Armed Forces were covertly infiltrating into territory on the Indian side of the line of control (LOC).
- The aim of the Pakistani incursion was to sever the link between Kashmir and Ladakh.
- Thus forcing India to negotiate a settlement of the broader Kashmir dispute.
- Pakistan also believed that any tension in the region would internationalize the Kashmir issue, helping it to secure a speedy resolution.
- Initially, Indian troops in the area assumed that the infiltrators were jihadis .
- Later Indian army realized that the plan of attack was on a much bigger scale.
- The total area seized by the ingress is generally accepted to between 130 km² – 200 km².
- The Government of India responded with Operation Vijay, a mobilization of 200,000 Indian troops.
On this day the Indian Armed Forces braving most difficult terrain, battling extreme weather conditions fought valiantly on the steep slopes.
- Indian Armed Forces’ victory in Kargil on 26 July 1999 is a saga of strong political, military and diplomatic actions.
- The Nation is celebrating this day with pride, honour and inspiration.