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Kakatiya Ramappa Temple | UPSC
PM expresses happiness on UNESCO declaring Kakatiya Ramappa Temple a World Heritage site
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KAKATIYA RAMAPPA TEMPLE
- Ramappa Temple also known as the Ramalingeswara temple, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site is located 77 km from Warangal, 15 km from Mulugu, 209 km from Hyderabad in the state of Telangana in southern India.
- It lies in a valley in Palampet village of Venkatapur Mandal of Mulugu district, a tiny village long past its days of glory in the 13th and 14th centuries.
- The temple is a Sivalayam, where Lord Ramalingeswara is worshipped.
- Marco Polo, during his visit to the Kakatiya Empire, allegedly called the temple “the brightest star in the galaxy of temples”.
- Ramappa Temple stands majestically on a 6 ft high star-shaped platform.
- The hall in front of the sanctum has numerous carved pillars that have been positioned to create an effect that combines light and space wonderfully.
- The temple is named after the sculptor Ramappa, who built it, and is perhaps the only temple in India to be named after a craftsman who built it.
- These are carved as mythical animals or female dancers or musicians, and are “the masterpieces of Kakatiya art, notable for their delicate carving, sensuous postures and elongated bodies and heads”.
- The Temple was included in the proposed UNESCO World Heritage Site “The Glorious Kakatiya Temples and Gateways“, in 2019 on the “tentative list”.
- The proposal was submitted to UNESCO on 10 September 2010.On 25th of July 2021, this temple finally inscribed as a Unesco World Heritage Site.
- There are two small Shiva shrines on either side of the main temple. The enormous Nandi within, facing the shrine of Shiva, remains in good condition.
- Perini Shivatandavam (Perini Dance) sculptures are inscribed in this temple.
- Perini Sivathandavam (Perini Śivathandavam) or Perini Thandavam is an ancient dance form, from Telangana, which has been revived in recent times.
- It originated and prospered in Telangana, during the Kakatiya dynasty.
- The temple remained intact even after repeated wars, plunder and destruction during wars and natural disasters.
- Many of the smaller structures were neglected and are in ruins.
- The Archaeological Survey of India has taken charge of it. The main entrance gate in the outer wall of the temple is ruined.