Kakatiya Ramappa Temple | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

PM expresses happiness on UNESCO declaring Kakatiya Ramappa Temple a World Heritage site

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Culture
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Art and Architecture : UNESCO WHS

      ISSUE: 

KAKATIYA RAMAPPA TEMPLE

  • Ramappa Temple also known as the Ramalingeswara temple, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site is  located 77 km from Warangal, 15 km from Mulugu, 209 km from Hyderabad in the state of Telangana in southern India.
  • It lies in a valley in Palampet village of Venkatapur Mandal of Mulugu district, a tiny village long past its days of glory in the 13th and 14th centuries.

Kakatiya Ramappa Temple | UPSC

CREATOR

  • The temple is a Sivalayam, where Lord Ramalingeswara is worshipped.
  • Marco Polo, during his visit to the Kakatiya Empire, allegedly called the temple “the brightest star in the galaxy of temples”.

ARCHITECTURE

  • Ramappa Temple stands majestically on a 6 ft high star-shaped platform.
  • The hall in front of the sanctum has numerous carved pillars that have been positioned to create an effect that combines light and space wonderfully.
  • The temple is named after the sculptor Ramappa, who built it, and is perhaps the only temple in India to be named after a craftsman who built it.

  • These are carved as mythical animals or female dancers or musicians, and are “the masterpieces of Kakatiya art, notable for their delicate carving, sensuous postures and elongated bodies and heads”.

BACKGROUND

  • The Temple was included in the proposed UNESCO World Heritage Site “The Glorious Kakatiya Temples and Gateways“, in 2019 on the “tentative list”.
  • The proposal was submitted to UNESCO on 10 September 2010.On 25th of July 2021, this temple finally inscribed as a Unesco World Heritage Site.

DESCRIPTION

  • There are two small Shiva shrines on either side of the main temple. The enormous Nandi within, facing the shrine of Shiva, remains in good condition.
  • Perini Shivatandavam (Perini Dance) sculptures are inscribed in this temple.

PERINI SIVATHANDAVAM

  • Perini Sivathandavam (Perini Śivathandavam) or Perini Thandavam is an ancient dance form, from Telangana, which has been revived in recent times.
  • It originated and prospered in Telangana, during the Kakatiya dynasty.

Perini is performed in honour of Lord Siva, the hindu god of destruction and it is believed that in ancient times this was performed before the soldiers set to war. 

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The temple remained intact even after repeated wars, plunder and destruction during wars and natural disasters.

  • Many of the smaller structures were neglected and are in ruins.
  • The Archaeological Survey of India has taken charge of it. The main entrance gate in the outer wall of the temple is ruined.
     SOURCES:  PIB  | Kakatiya Ramappa Temple | UPSC

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