INS Kavaratti _ UPSC

INS Kavaratti | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Indigenously built ASW Corvette ‘Kavaratti’ to be Commissioned at Visakhapatnam

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Defence
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Defence : INSV

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through the design , class and features of this INSV . This is the latest state of art technology in Indian Navy .

      CONTEXT : 

INS KAVARATTI

  • Kavaratti takes her name from erstwhile INS Kavaratti which was an Arnala class missile corvette.
  • The older Kavaratti distinguished herself by operating in support of was Bangladesh’s liberation in 1971.

CLASS

  • INS Kavaratti (P31) is an anti-submarine warfare corvette of the Indian Navy built under Project 28.

It is the last of four Kamorta-class corvettes under various stages of induction with the Indian Navy.

  • The ship has up to 90% indigenous content using carbon composites for the superstructure is a commendable feat achieved in Indian shipbuilding.

INS Kavaratti | UPSC

DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT

  • The ship is designed by the Indian Navy’s in-house organisation, Directorate of Naval Design(DND).

It is built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE), Kolkata.

CAPABILITIES

  • Kavaratti is capable of fighting under nuclear, biological and chemical environments.

It will be a frontline warship of the Indian Navy with advanced stealth features and a low radar signature .

  • This will also enhances its anti-submarine warfare capability.
  • The ship will have a complement of 17 officers and 106 sailors.
  • The ship’s weapons and sensors suite is predominantly indigenous and showcases the nation’s growing capability in this niche area.

FEATURES

  • Kavaratti is India’s one of the first ship to have a superstructure of carbon fibre composite material.

It has been integrated with its main hull resulting in lower top weight and maintenance costs and improved stealth features.

  • The ship is 109 metres long and 12.8 metres broad and is highly manoeuvrable with a top speed of 25 knots.
  • It has a displacement of 3,300 tonnes and a range of about 3450 nautical miles at 18 knots.
  • It is powered by 4 diesel engines that generate a combined power of 3000 kW .

ARMOUR

  • Kavaratti is to be armed with a range of indigenously developed cutting-edge weapons and sensors.

Kavaratti is aced with a medium-range gun, torpedo tube launchers, rocket launchers and a close-in weapon system.

  • The ship will also contain an integrated communication system and an electronic warfare system.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • Kavaratti has a state-of-the-art weapons and sensor suite capable of detecting and prosecuting submarines.

The ship also has a credible self defence capability and good endurance for long-range deployments.

  • The ship will be commissioned into the Navy as a combat-ready platform as the ship has completed sea trials of all the systems fitted onboard.

BACKGROUND

  • The keel of Kavaratti was laid on 20 January 2012 and it was launched in Kolkata on 19 May 2015.
  • The ship cost an estimated ₹1,700 crores.
  •  The ship takes its name from the Kavaratti, capital of the Union Territory of Lakshadweep in India.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • INS Kavaratti has completed sea trials and delivered to Indian Navy on 18th February 2020.
  • The ship is slated to be commissioned by Indian Army COAS General Manoj Mukund Naravane on 22 October 2020.
  • With the induction of Kavaratti into its fold, the Indian Navy’s preparedness will be enhanced.
     SOURCES: PIB | INS Kavaratti | UPSC

 

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