INS Kavaratti | UPSC
Indigenously built ASW Corvette ‘Kavaratti’ to be Commissioned at Visakhapatnam
WHY IN NEWS:
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SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Defence : INSV
For PRELIMS go through the design , class and features of this INSV . This is the latest state of art technology in Indian Navy .
- Kavaratti takes her name from erstwhile INS Kavaratti which was an Arnala class missile corvette.
- The older Kavaratti distinguished herself by operating in support of was Bangladesh’s liberation in 1971.
- INS Kavaratti (P31) is an anti-submarine warfare corvette of the Indian Navy built under Project 28.
- The ship has up to 90% indigenous content using carbon composites for the superstructure is a commendable feat achieved in Indian shipbuilding.
DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT
- The ship is designed by the Indian Navy’s in-house organisation, Directorate of Naval Design(DND).
- Kavaratti is capable of fighting under nuclear, biological and chemical environments.
- This will also enhances its anti-submarine warfare capability.
- The ship will have a complement of 17 officers and 106 sailors.
- The ship’s weapons and sensors suite is predominantly indigenous and showcases the nation’s growing capability in this niche area.
- Kavaratti is India’s one of the first ship to have a superstructure of carbon fibre composite material.
- The ship is 109 metres long and 12.8 metres broad and is highly manoeuvrable with a top speed of 25 knots.
- It has a displacement of 3,300 tonnes and a range of about 3450 nautical miles at 18 knots.
- It is powered by 4 diesel engines that generate a combined power of 3000 kW .
- Kavaratti is to be armed with a range of indigenously developed cutting-edge weapons and sensors.
- The ship will also contain an integrated communication system and an electronic warfare system.
- Kavaratti has a state-of-the-art weapons and sensor suite capable of detecting and prosecuting submarines.
- The ship will be commissioned into the Navy as a combat-ready platform as the ship has completed sea trials of all the systems fitted onboard.
- The keel of Kavaratti was laid on 20 January 2012 and it was launched in Kolkata on 19 May 2015.
- The ship cost an estimated ₹1,700 crores.
- The ship takes its name from the Kavaratti, capital of the Union Territory of Lakshadweep in India.
- INS Kavaratti has completed sea trials and delivered to Indian Navy on 18th February 2020.
- The ship is slated to be commissioned by Indian Army COAS General Manoj Mukund Naravane on 22 October 2020.
- With the induction of Kavaratti into its fold, the Indian Navy’s preparedness will be enhanced.
SOURCES: PIB | INS Kavaratti | UPSC