Indian Gaur _ UPSC

Indian Gaur | UPSC

      HEADLINES:

Pregnant Gaur killed in Kerala; 6 held

      WHY IN NEWS:

Police in the area conducted a raid on the night of August 18, 2020 after getting a tip-off about a wild animal being poached. They found that six men in the Puncha forest region had killed a female gaur near Poopathiripara.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Conservation of Biodiversity : Flora and Fauna

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS go through the facts and note down distribution , IUCN status and threats .

      ISSUE: 

A pregnant Gaur was shot and killed by six men in Kerala’s Malappuram district earlier this month . Some 25 kilograms of meat was recovered from them.

INDIAN GAUR

  •  The gaur is a wild bovid that is native to the forests of South and Southeast Asia.
  • It is biggest among wild cattle.

It is the tallest species of wild cattle found in India and largest extant bovine.

  • Recently, the first population estimation exercise of the Indian Gaur (Bison) was carried out in the Nilgiris Forest Division, Tamil Nadu.
  • Conservation and breeding of Gaur was started at Mysuru zoo under the conservation breeding programme of the Central Zoo Authority (CZA).

DISTRIBUTION

  • Indian Gaur is native to South and Southeast Asia.

In India, they are found in Nagarhole, Bandipur, Masinagudi National Parks and BR Hills.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Indian Gaur | UPSC

Gaurs are also included in the Schedule I of the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972.

THREATS

  • ANTHROPOGENIC FACTORS : Due to the destruction in the grasslands, planting of commercially important trees, invasive plant species and indiscriminate grazing of domestic animals
  • INVASIVE SPECIES : Invasive plant species and indiscriminate grazing of domestic animals.
  • MEAT : For their commercial value as well as due to the high demand of gaur meat.
  • DEFORESTATION : Due to deforestation and commercial plantations.

MAN ANIMAL CONFLICTS

  • Due to living in proximity with human habitations.

It has been revealed that the majority of the animals in conflict-prone areas in the division live dangerously close to human habitations.

  • Due to their habitat loss and fragmentation, exacerbating the probability of having problematic interactions with humans.
  • Due to easy availability of food and lack of threat from predators, gaurs prefer to inhabit tea estates and human settlements.
  • The spread of invasive species of plants in reserve forest have further degraded the Gaur’s natural habitat.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Gaur are quite safe even when we are on a trek and on foot, if we keep our distances from them and make sure we are facing them, with the wind blowing from them towards and past us.
  • They can turn nasty when the distance is breached or we surprise them by suddenly walking into their resting or breeding places.
     SOURCES:DOWNTOEARTH | Indian Gaur | UPSC

DISCOVER MORE : IUCN LIST

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