IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 14th Nov 2020
“Your imagination is your preview of life’s coming attractions.” – Albert Einstein
EDITORIAL HUNT #242 :“India-Pakistan Relations 2020 | UPSC”
India-Pakistan Relations 2020 | UPSC
The Roads Not Taken
Pakistan has not used its geographical advantage to become a trading nation.
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR
India Pakistan relations should change from war-fighting nations to two trading economies in South Asia. Discuss -(GS 2)
- Neighbourhood first policy
- Stalled projects
- Strategic co-operation
- To-do list
- NEIGHBOURHOOD FIRST POLICY : In keeping with its “Neighbourhood First Policy”, India desires normal neighbourly relations with Pakistan.
- TABLE DIPLOMACY : India’s consistent position ; any issues between India and Pakistan should be resolved bilaterally and peacefully, in an atmosphere free of terror and violence.
- LEVERAGING TOPOGRAPHY : Rather, we should be a trading nation that takes advantage of its geographic location for economic prosperity.
- EXTRA MILE CONNECTIVITY : Not long ago there was talk of India and Pakistan cooperating economically to facilitate extra-regional connectivity.
- IPI PIPELINE : Iranian-Pakistan-India (IPI) pipeline could be added as “projects of peace” but for the complex tripartite negotiations going on about the IPI have not been successful.
- TAPI PROJECT : An Iranian pipeline was poised to cross into Pakistan for onward connection with India and another gas pipeline from Tajikistan was also destined to reach India through Pakistan.
- ROAD TO HEART OF ASIA : India had requested Pakistan to allow it to ply its trade with Afghanistan through a road-link in Pakistan.
- GARRISON-STATE MENTALITY : Invariably Pakistan’s “strategic” inclination was negative, based on the fear of domination and its anti-status quo thinking vis-à-vis Kashmir.
- FORGOTTEN ROADS : Fighting wars with India, Pakistan has forgotten to look at itself as a strategically-located state — not for fighting wars, but for conducting trade.
- THE DURAND LINE : India has built a wall separating Pakistan from itself and Pakistan is currently in the process of wire-fencing its long western border with Afghanistan and Iran.
- NUCLEAR WEAPONS COMPETITION : The military paradigm has been made permanent by the acquisition of nuclear weapons in competition with India.
- ROUND THE GLOBE : China, India’s largest trading partner — $94 billion both ways — has to use the round about route through Southeast Asia to transport its goods.
- DEBT RIDDEN ECONOMY : World Bank official in Islamabad said the Bank was ready to lend Pakistan $2.25 billion for a trade and energy corridor.
SOURCES : FORBES
- ILLEGAL ACTIVITIES : Pakistan never traded with India which led to much smuggling that benefited no one .
- BORDER TRADE IS IMPORTANT : Recently, after the Pulwama incident, it stopped even the border trade with India that caused untold hardship to the Pakistani population in Sindh.
- OPENING UP TRADE : Clearly, India and Pakistan — as nuclear powers — must opt for normalisation through trade and trade routes to make South Asia a prosperous region.
SOURCES : WORLD BANK
- INTELLIGENCE-SHARING : India and Pakistan should share information on the movement of militant groups in Pakistan to simultaneously increase transparency and trust between the two countries.
- INFORMAL MEETINGS : Indian and Pakistani political leadership should become the norm such that they could lead towards a structured dialogue process in the future.
- LEADERSHIP ROLE : India and Pakistan must consider that with international terror groups like IS and AQIS making inroads into South Asia.
- HARNESSING ECONOMIC POTENTIAL : The discord between the two countries is preventing them from harnessing their fullest economic potential–their bilateral trade potential is estimated to be $37 billion.
- COUNTING MIS-STEPS : Any number of missteps could derail the tentative process that is now under way.
Consequently, the mutual economic benefits will also result in enhancing intra-regional trade in South Asia, which remains one of the least economically integrated regions of the world.
SOURCES: THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | India-Pakistan Relations 2020 | UPSC