IASbhai Editorial Hunt

All our dreams can come true, if we have the courage to pursue them. – Walt Disney

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020.

EDITORIAL 57:“India in the post-pandemic world

       SOURCES:   THE HINDU EDITORIAL/EDITORIALS FOR UPSC CSE MAINS 2020

Sujatha Singh

Sujatha Singh is Former Foreign Secretary

 

      HEADLINES:

India in the post-pandemic world

      CENTRAL THEME:

The manner in which the country deals with the crisis will determine its place in the future world order

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Economy

      MAINS QUESTION:

The role that India plays in the post-pandemic world order will be determined by how we deal with the crisis now, and how we emerge from it. Discuss -(GS 3)

      LEARNING: 

In this article you will understand the importance of leadership post pandemic scenario . Lets dive in !

      INTRODUCTION: 

  • Yes, we all know that the world we once knew has gone, perhaps forever.
  • What has not changed though, is human nature itself.
  • The way we react, as a species to the unknown, or to an existential threat, on a scale not experienced in recent times, to something that we cannot quite comprehend as yet, in its entirety.
We have arrived, once again, at the boundaries of the human race’s collective knowledge, and it is sobering to be reminded that what we do not know is much greater than what we do know, about ourselves and the world we live in.

      BODY: 

A LEADERSHIP ROLE

  • The pandemic has added heft to arguments of foreign policy analysts across the entire spectrum of strategic thinking, from nationalists and anti-globalists, to advocating a more robust multilateralism and a leadership role for India in mobilising international cooperation.
  • I believe, however, that before we get too involved in the contours of a post-pandemic world, we first need to think about where we are headed as a post-pandemic India.
  • Yes, there will be a churning as nations scramble for advantage in the world order as the pandemic recedes, but I think we need to be more concerned at this point of time with the social and economic churning under way within our own country, accentuated and magnified by the COVID-19 crisis.

THIS, IN TURN, DEPENDS ON CERTAIN FUNDAMENTAL FACTORS —

  • The quality of leadership, the quality of administration at all levels, (Centre, State, district and village),
  • The robustness of institutional frameworks,
  • The quality of health care,
  • Our social coherence as a people.

Admittedly, the manner in which some of these have functioned recently, does not engender great confidence.

Further, the manner in which we have dealt with the pandemic until now has made it painfully clear, as nothing else has in recent times, that there are two Indias — an India in which social distancing is possible and an India in which it is not.

CRUCIAL INVESTMENTS

  • The COVID-19 epidemic has mercilessly highlighted our shortcomings and our failures, even as we pride ourselves on being the world’s largest democracy and its fifth largest economy.
  • It has highlighted our age-old fault lines of caste, class and creed.
  • There are still too many inequalities, and too many of us who have been left behind, on whom the effects of the lockdown have been the most severe, compounding the economic distress of recent years.
It is time for the government to lay out a comprehensive road map to deal with both the health and the economic consequences of the crisis, and to make long overdue investments on the massive scale needed, in universal health care, education and social security.
  • Or at least to plan for it, and to raise the resources to back these plans with adequate funding, regardless of the fiscal deficit that will follow.
  • In its absence, we run the risk of social disorder, as witnessed in Bandra (Mumbai), Surat (Gujarat) and other parts of India where our poor are in lockdown.
  • Growing perceptions of injustice and of the government’s indifference to their plight could well lead to widespread outrage that would be difficult to control.
  • They are fundamental to our socioeconomic transformation, which in itself is an imperative.
  • Also, if India is to be in any position to make use of opportunities that emerge in the reordering of the global economy as the pandemic recedes.

      IASbhai Windup: 

ON THE GLOBAL STAGE

  • It is  important that we participate in international efforts towards finding a vaccine and ramp up capacities to produce it in the quantities needed, both for our own people and for the world.
  • On the international front, nations will continue to strive for strategic advantage in furthering their interests and constrained by realpolitik in striving for the common good.
  • If we wish to play a leadership role and to present a vision for a more inclusive world defined by international cooperation, then we need to back it with our own example, on the domestic as well as the international fronts.
  • I believe that in any post-pandemic world order that emerges, regardless of whether it is U.S.-centric or China-centric, there is no scenario in which India, a universe in itself, and home to one-sixth of humanity, will not occupy a place.
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