IASbhai Daily Editorial Hunt | 14th Nov 2020
“Your imagination is your preview of life’s coming attractions.” – Albert Einstein
EDITORIAL HUNT #241 :“India-Canada Relations 2020 | UPSC”
India-Canada Relations 2020 | UPSC
Rajiv Bhatia, a former Ambassador, is Distinguished Fellow, Gateway House.He also served as Consul General in Toronto from 1994 to 1998
Countdown to greater India-Canada convergence
The third edition of the Track 1.5 Dialogue is an opportunity to begin progress in new areas of interest
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : IR
India-Canada relations have bounced back with supreme diplomatic efforts on both the sides in the recent past. Discuss -(GS 2)
- A shared vision
- Many strong points
- Track 1.5 Dialogues
- Think tank as pivot
- China-Canada Ties
A SHARED VISION
- ETHNIC-INCLUSIVENESS : India-Canada share a strategic partnership underpinned by shared values of democracy and pluralism.
- CROSS CULTURAL TIES : India-Canada relations have been aided by heightened economic engagement, regular high level interactions and long-standing people-to-people ties.
MANY STRONG POINTS
TRADE AND INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS
Trade and investment agreements involving Canada and the India:
- World Trade Organization Agreement on Trade Facilitation (TFA)
- Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
- Agreement on Trade-related Investment Measures (TRIMS)
- General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (GATT)
- General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
- World Trade Organization Information Technology Agreement (ITA)
- MAJOR ITEMS OF INDIAN EXPORTS : Include gems, jewellary and precious stones, pharmaceutical products, readymade garments, textiles, organic chemicals, light engineering goods, iron & steel articles, etc.
- MAJOR IMPORTS FROM CANADA : Include pulses, newsprint, wood pulp, asbestos, potash, iron scrap, copper, minerals and industrial chemicals, etc.
SOURCES : www.international.gc.ca
- IC-IMPACTS : The India-Canada Centre for Innovative Multidisciplinary Partnerships to Accelerate Community Transformation and Sustainability (IC-IMPACTS) , is a Canada-India Research Centre of Excellence dedicated to the development of research collaborations.
To develop effective responses to today’s most pressing global challenges, Canada and India work closely in multilateral fora, such as:
- International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
- Pacific Alliance
- United Nations (UN)
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
- World Trade Organization (WTO)
- INVESTMENT POURED : Canada’s cumulative investment, including foreign direct investment and by Canadian pension funds, is a substantive C$55 billion, according to diplomatic sources.
SOURCES : www.international.gc.ca
- SPACE CO-OPERATION : ANTRIX, the Commercial arm of ISRO, has launched nine nanosatellite under a commercial arrangement with University of Toronto.
- ACADEMIC MIGRATION : Indian students are increasingly being educated in Canada. The academic migration lays a solid contribution to the Canadian economy.
- IMMIGRATION : Of 330,000 new immigrants accepted by Canada last year, 85,000 i.e. nearly 25%, were from India.
- STRONGEST INDIAN DIASPORA : The Indian diaspora in Canada is now 1.6 million-strong, representing over 4% of the country’s total population.
- THE BEDROCK PRINCIPLES : The principal areas of bilateral cooperation are best defined by five Es: Economy, Energy, Education, Entertainment and Empowerment of women.
- DIGITAL INVESTMENT : In particular, the digital domain holds immense potential, given Canada’s proven assets in technology — especially its large investment in Artificial Intelligence, innovation and capital resources.
- INDIA’S STRONG IT SECTOR : India’s IT achievements, expanding digital payment architecture and policy modernisation can sail a long way with Canada.
TRACK 1.5 DIALOGUE
- AGENDA OF TRACK 1.5 DIALOGUE : The Ministers will deliberate on and define the role of India and Canada in the post-COVID-19 world.
- PANEL DISCUSSION : This will be followed by a round table of scholars and experts who will go into various facets of the strategic partnership linking the two countries.
- KEY FOCUS AREAS : The new geo-economics of the Indo-Pacific and digital cooperation, particularly in the areas of fintech and artificial intelligence will be the focus.
- PROMISING INTERACTION : It deliberates endeavour to boost the bilateral relationship, helping it to cope with challenges of the third decade of the 21st century.
- PREVIOUS SETBACKS : The two states have progressed in just two years from differences over the Khalistan issue that surfaced in February 2018.
- MATURE DIPLOMACY : This dialogue creates a template for a judicious merger of government to government (G2G) diplomacy and the maturing role of think tanks in the conduct of foreign policy today.
THINK TANKS AS THE PIVOT
- BACKGROUND : The 1.5 Track Dialogue has been piloted since February 2018 by two think tanks — Gateway House: Indian Council on Global Relations and Canada’s Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI).
- LARGER GEOPOLITICAL SHIFTS : The new government in Ottawa preferred to be more cautious on sensitive bilateral issues, and more receptive to New Delhi.
TENSIONS IN CHINA-CANADA TIES
- HOSTAGE DIPLOMACY : The ‘hostage diplomacy’ practised by Beijing which arrested two Canadian nationals, has caused huge stress in Canada-China relations, turning Canadian public opinion against China.
- INDO-PACIFIC DEVELOPMENTS : Escalating discontent against Beijing’s aggressive behaviour, strengthening of the Quad and the growing interest of France to be active players in the region — are of immense relevance to Ottawa.
- INDIA CANADA CONVERGENCE : The forthcoming dialogue can deepen the India-Canada convergence on this issue.
Divided by geographical distance but united through clear common interests and shared values, India and Canada will begin their steady journey of progress, this time with a laser-like focus on common goals as well.
SOURCES: THE HINDU EDITORIAL HUNT | India-Canada Relations 2020 | UPSC